Exploring Engineering: An Introduction for Freshmen to Engineering and to the Design Process

Philip Kosky, George Wise, Robert T. Balmer, William D. Keat

  • 出版商: Academic Press
  • 出版日期: 2006-09-10
  • 定價: $1,600
  • 售價: 6.0$960
  • 語言: 英文
  • 頁數: 400
  • ISBN: 0123694051
  • ISBN-13: 9780123694058

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Exploring Engineering was developed to meet the need for a better way to introduce incoming engineering students to the fundamental concepts at the heart of all engineering disciplines. It was also created to show students in a vivid way the great array of opportunities and possibilities of today's engineering fields?from classical mechanical engineering to bioengineering and mechatronics. This is the first text to introduce nearly all of the major engineering areas, and to do so with a strong interdisciplinary case study approach. This approach better prepares and enables students to draw upon knowledge not only from their own particular field of expertise, but also from related or even distantly related engineering and technical and scientific fields, allowing them to become more versatile within their future employment. Exploring Engineering is flexible enough to offer a variety of approaches to the introduction of modern engineering for new students, while still providing the most important essentials that hold all engineering disciplines together, particularly the mathematical, quantitative basis of engineering as well as the modern computer tools that make today's engineering design so efficient and accurate.

 

Table of Contents 

Foreword

Part 1: Minds-on
Chapter 1: What Engineers Do Scope of this text Context of covered material Learning Sections What are personal ethics? (? and what have they to do with engineering?) The Five Cornerstones of Ethical Behavior Top Ten Questions You Should Ask Yourself When Making an Ethical Decision What are Professional ethics? National Society of Professional Engineers (NSPE) Code of Ethics for Engineers Fundamental Canons What You Should Expect to Achieve in this Course Summary Chapter 2: Key Elements of Engineering Analysis with an Introduction to the Concept of Force Variables Units The SI Unit System Force, Weight and Mass Significant Figures Summary Exercises Chapter 3: How to solve problems and spreadsheet analyses Need-to-know-how-to-solve method of solving problems Spreadsheet analysis Cell addressing modes Types of data that can be in a cell Input to a spreadsheet Graphing in Spreadsheets Summary Exercises Chapter 4: Energy: Kinds, Conversion, and Conservation Energy is the Capability to do Work Kinds of Energy Conversion Conservation of Energy Summary Exercises Chapter 5: Chemical Energy of Fuels Atoms, Molecules, and Chemical Reactions The mol and the kmol Stoichiometry The Air-to-Fuel Ratio The Heating Value of Hydrocarbon Fuels The Heating Value of Fuels: The General Case Summary Exercises Chapter 6: The Automotive Drive Train Modeling the Power Output of the Otto Cycle Derivation of Otto cycle power output equation from first principles Motion Gearing and Gear Ratios Improving on the Otto Cycle Summary Exercises Chapter 7: Electrical Circuits Electrical Circuits Resistance, Ohm's Law and the ?Power Law? Series and Parallel Circuits Switches Summary Exercises Chapter 8: Logic and Computers Analog Computers From Analog to Digital Computing Binary Logic Truth Tables Binary Arithmetic Binary Codes How does a computer work? Summary Exercises Chapter 9: Control Systems Design and Mechatronics Modeling the control system as a block diagram Translating the block diagram into a mathematical model Selecting a control strategy Implementing the chosen strategy in hardware Drive-by-wire Summary Exercises Chapter 10: Kinematics and Traffic Flow Distance, Speed, and Acceleration The Speed versus Time Diagram Applying the tool to the on-ramp problem General Equations of Kinematics The Highway Capacity Diagram Summary Exercises Chapter 11: Introduction to Materials Engineering What are the reasons for a particular material?s strength? Defining Materials Requirements Materials Selection Properties of modern materials Summary Exercises Chapter 12: Bioengineering Biological implications of injuries to the head The Stress-Speed-Stopping Distance-Area Criterion Criteria for Predicting Effects of Potential Accidents Summary Exercises Chapter 13: Introduction to Chemical Engineering Oil Refining Oil refineries Process Engineering Distillation How refinery output can be improved Catalytic Conversion Summary Exercises Chapter 14: Cars of the Future - What Will They Be Like? The Car Culture Big Changes Ahead: Convergence Automotive Electronics Smart Automobile Safety Systems Smart Tire Systems Smart Exhaust Systems Smart Drive-By-Wire Systems Smart Highway Systems Smart Traffic Systems Smart Advanced Power Systems Variable Displacement and Variable Valve Engines Fuel Cell Systems Enjoying the Ride – Smart Vehicle Entertainment Systems How Do We Get There? Looking Forward

Part 2: Hands-on
Chapter 15: Introduction to Engineering Design The Nature of Engineering Design Hands-on Design Exercise ?The Tower? Benefits of a Hands-on Design Project Qualities of a Good DesignerThe Need for a Systematic Approach The Steps in the Engineering Design Process Chapter 16: Two Ground Rules for Design Ground Rule No.1: Use a Design Notebook Ground Rule No.2: Team Effectively Chapter 17: Clarification of the Task Problem Definition List of Specifications Design Milestone: Clarification of the Task Chapter 18: Generation of Alternative Concepts Brainstorming Hands-on Design Exercise ?The Tube? Research Based Strategies for Promoting Creativity Functional Decomposition for Complex Systems Design Milestone: Generation of Alternatives Chapter 19: Evaluation of Alternatives and Selection of a Concept Minimize the Information Content of the Design Maintain the Independence of Functional Requirements Design for Ease of Manufacture Design for Robustness Design for Adjustability Hands-on Design Exercise ?Waste Ball? The Decision Matrix Design Milestone: Evaluation of Alternatives Chapter 20: Detailed Design Analysis Experiments Models Detailed Drawings Design Milestone: Detailed Design Chapter 21: Oral Design Defense Design Milestone: Oral Design Defense Chapter 22: Manufacturing and Testing Manufacturing and Testing Strategies Materials Joining Methods Useful Hand Tools Design Milestone: DFM Assessment I Design Milestone: DFM Assessment II Chapter 23: Performance Evaluation Individual Performance Testing The Final Competition Design Milestone: Individual Performance Testing Chapter 24: Design Report Organization of the Report Writing Guidelines Design Milestone: Design Report Chapter 25: An Example of a Design Competition: ?A Bridge Too Far.? Design Competition Example: ?A Bridge Too Far? Design Milestone Solutions for ?A Bridge Too Far? DM 1: Clarification of the Task DM 2: Generation of Alternative Concepts DM 3: Evaluation of Alternative Concepts DM 4: Detailed Design Appendix 25: Official Rules for the ?A Bridge Too Far? Design Competition Chapter 26: Closing Remarks on the Important Role of Design Projects