Mobile IPv6: Mobility in a Wireless Internet

Hesham Soliman

  • 出版商: Addison Wesley
  • 出版日期: 2004-04-15
  • 售價: $1,750
  • 貴賓價: 9.5$1,663
  • 語言: 英文
  • 頁數: 368
  • 裝訂: Paperback
  • ISBN: 0201788977
  • ISBN-13: 9780201788976
  • 相關分類: IPV6

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Table of Contents:

Foreword.

Preface.

Acknowledgements.

I. INTRODUCTION.

1. Introduction.

The Internet Protocol Suite.

Networking with the Internet Protocol Suite.

IP Addresses.

The Domain Name System.

Host-to-Host Communication.

Encapsulation.

Demultiplexing.

Routing in the Internet.

Client-Server Versus Peer-to-Peer Communication.

The Need for IPv6.

What Is IP Mobility?

How Important Is Mobility?

Where Do I Need Mobility Management: Layer 2, Layer 3, or Upper Layers?

Mobile IPv6: Main Requirements.

Summary.

2. An IPv6 Primer.

The IPv6 Protocol.

Why Doesn't the IPv6 Header Contain a Checksum Field?

Do We Need a Larger Payload Length Field?

The Flow Label.

IPv6 Extension Headers.

The Hop-by-Hop Options Header.

The Routing Header.

The Fragmentation Header.

IP Layer Security.

The Destination Options Header.

Ordering of the Extension Headers.

ICMPv6.

ICMPv6 Error Messages.

ICMPv6 Informational Messages.

Tunneling.

What Happens to other Fields in the Tunnel Header?

How Many Times Can an IPv6 Packet Be Tunneled?

IPv6 Addresses.

Textual Representation of IPv6 Addresses.

Unicast Addresses.

Multicast Addresses.

Anycast Addresses.

The Unspecified Address.

IPv6 Addresses Containing IPv4 Addresses.

Neighbor Discovery.

Why Does a Node Need to Discover a Neighbor?

Stateless Address Autoconfiguration.

Ingress Filtering.

A Communication Example.

Summary.

II. MOBILE IPv6.

3. Mobile IPv6.

Mobile IPv6 Terminology.

Overview of Mobile IPv6.

Binding Updates and Acknowledgments.

Refreshing Bindings.

Why Reverse Tunneling?

Movement Detection.

Returning Home.

Source Address Selection in Mobile Nodes.

Dynamic Home Agent Discovery.

Challenges Associated with Plug and Play for Mobile Nodes.

Can a Mobile Node Have More than One Home Agent?

Virtual Home Links.

Route Optimization.

Sending Route Optimized Packets to Correspondent Nodes.

Receiving Route Optimized Packets from Correspondent Nodes.

Acknowledging Binding Updates Sent to Correspondent Nodes.

What if the Correspondent Node Failed?

Why Not IP in IP Tunneling for Route Optimization?

What if the Mobile Node Failed?

Site-Local Addresses and Mobile IPv6.

A Communication Example.

Summary.

4. Introduction to Security.

What Is Security and Why Is It Needed?

Authentication.

Authorization.

Confidentiality, Integrity Checks, Nonrepudiation, and Replay Attacks.

Cryptography.

Encryption Algorithms and Keys.

Secret Key Encryption.

Public Key Cryptography.

Hash Functions, Message Digests, and Message Authentication Codes.

Nonces and Cookies.

Establishing a Security Association.

Cryptographically Generated Addresses.

Firewalls and Application Level Gateways.

Summary.

5. Securing Mobile IPv6 Signaling.

Why Do We Need to Secure Mobile IPv6?

Using Binding Updates to Launch Attacks.

Attacks Using the Routing Header and Home Address Option.

MITM Attacks on MPS/MPA.

Requirements for Mobile IPv6 Security.

Securing Communication Between Mobile and Correspondent Nodes.

Securing Messages to the Home Agent.

Assumptions about Mobile IPv6 Security.

Mobile IPv6 Security.

Securing Binding Updates to the Home Agent.

Securing Mobile Prefix Solicitations and Advertisements.

Manual Versus Dynamic SAs Between the Mobile Node and Its Home Agent Configuration 162

Securing Binding Updates to Correspondent Nodes.

Preventing Attacks Using Home Address Options and Routing Headers.

Future Mechanisms for Authenticating Binding Updates.

Alternative 1: Using a Cryptographically Generated Home Address.

Alternative 2: Using Cryptographically Generated Home and Care-of Addresses.

Other Improvements Gained from CGAs.

Summary.

III. HANDOVER OPTIMIZATIONS FOR WIRELESS NETWORKS.

6. Evaluating Mobile IPv6 Handovers.

Layer 2 Versus Layer 3 Handovers.

Where Is Layer 2 Terminated?

Two Different Categories of Wireless Links.

Make-Before-Break Versus Break-Before-Make Handovers.

How Long Does a Mobile IPv6 Handover Take?

Reducing Neighbor Discovery and DAD Delays.

Handover Impacts on TCP and UDP Traffic.

How Does TCP Work?

Mobility Impacts on TCP.

What About UDP?

Summary.

7. Mobile IPv6: Handover Optimizations and Extensions.

Fast Handovers for Mobile IPv6.

Anticipation and Handover Initiation.

Updating the Current Access Router.

Moving to a New Link.

Failure Cases.

The Cost of Anticipation.

Security Issues.

Can We Use CGAs to Secure Fast Handover Signaling?

An Alternate Approach to Fast Handovers.

Hierarchical Mobile IPv6 (HMIPv6).

HMIPv6 Overview.

MAP Discovery.

Deploying HMIPv6.

Location Privacy.

Local Mobility Without Updating Correspondent Nodes.

Securing Binding Updates Between a Mobile Node and a MAP.

Combining Fast Handovers and HMIPv6.

Flow Movement in Mobile IPv6.

Summary.

8. Current and Future Work on IPv6 Mobility.

AAA as an Enabler for Mobility.

Achieving Seamless Mobility.

Link-Layer Agnostic Interface to the IP Layer.

Context Transfer.

Candidate Access Router Discovery (CARD).

Network Mobility.

Summary.

IV. IPv6 AND MOVILE IPv6 DEPLOYMENT.

9. IPv6 in an IPv4 Internet: Migration and Coexistence.

How and When Will IPv6 Be Deployed?

What Are the Problems?

Tunneling.

Configured Tunnels.

6-to-4 Tunneling.

Routing Protocols-Based Tunnel End Point Discovery.

Intrasite Automatic Addressing Protocol (ISATAP).

Translation.

Stateless IP ICMP Translator (SIIT).

Network Address Translator and Protocol Translator (NAT-PT).

Other Deployment Scenarios and Considerations.

IPv6-Only Networks.

Mobility Considerations.

Summary.

10. A Case Study: IPv6 in 3GPP Networks.

3GPP Background.

3GPP UMTS Network Architecture.

Packet-Switched Core Network.

Circuit-Switched Core Network.

UTRAN Architecture.

Wideband Code Division Multiple Access.

Power Control and Handovers.

UMTS Core Network.

PDP Context Activation.

Mobility Management in the Core Network.

IPv6 in UMTS.

Address Configuration.

Transition and Coexistence.

IPv6 Mobility.

Summary.

Index.