Autonomous Robots: From Biological Inspiration to Implementation and Control

George A. Bekey

  • 出版商: MIT
  • 出版日期: 2005-05-20
  • 售價: $1,760
  • 貴賓價: 9.5$1,672
  • 語言: 英文
  • 頁數: 594
  • 裝訂: Hardcover
  • ISBN: 0262025787
  • ISBN-13: 9780262025782
  • 相關分類: 機器人製作 Robots






Autonomous robots are intelligent machines capable of performing tasks in the world by themselves, without explicit human control. Examples range from autonomous helicopters to Roomba, the robot vacuum cleaner. In this book, George Bekey offers an introduction to the science and practice of autonomous robots that can be used both in the classroom and as a reference for industry professionals. He surveys the hardware implementations of more than 300 current systems, reviews some of their application areas, and examines the underlying technology, including control, architectures, learning, manipulation, grasping, navigation, and mapping. Living systems can be considered the prototypes of autonomous systems, and Bekey explores the biological inspiration that forms the basis of many recent developments in robotics. He also discusses robot control issues and the design of control architectures.

After an overview of the field that introduces some of its fundamental concepts, the book presents background material on hardware, control (from both biological and engineering perspectives), software architecture, and robot intelligence. It then examines a broad range of implementations and applications, including locomotion (wheeled, legged, flying, swimming, and crawling robots), manipulation (both arms and hands), localization, navigation, and mapping. The many case studies and specific applications include robots built for research, industry, and the military, among them underwater robotic vehicles, walking machines with four, six, and eight legs, and the famous humanoid robots Cog, Kismet, ASIMO,"and QRIO. The book concludes with reflections on the future of robotics -- the potential benefits as well as the possible dangers that may arise from large numbers of increasingly intelligent and autonomous robots.

George A. Bekey is Professor Emeritus of Computer Science, Electrical Engineering, and Biomedical Engineering at the University of Southern California. He has published over 200 papers and several books in robotics, biomedical engineering, computer simulation, control systems, and human-machine systems. Dr. Bekey is a Member of the National Academy of Engineering and a Fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) and of the American Association for Artificial Intelligence (AAAI). He is editor-in-chief of the journal Autonomous Robots and founding editor of IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation.


Table of Contents:

Preface xiii
1 Autonomy and Control in Animals and Robots 1
2 Control and Regulation in Biological Systems 27
3 Fundamental Structural Elements 45
4 Low-Level Robot Control 71
5 Software Architectures for Autonomous Robots 97
6 Robot Learning 125
7 Robot Locomotion: An Overview 185
8 Biped Locomotion 253
9 Locomotion in Animals and Robots with Four, Six, and Eight Legs 285
10 Arm Motion and Manipulation 333
11 Control of Grasping in Human and Robot Hands 363
12 Control of Multiple Robots 391
13 Humanoid Robots 441
14 Localization, Navigation, and Mapping 473
15 The Future of Autonomous Robots 509
Appendix: Introduction to Linear Feedback Control Systems 519
References 531
Author Index 557
Index 563