Designing with Blends: Conceptual Foundations of Human-Computer Interaction and Software Engineering

Manuel Imaz, David Benyon

  • 出版商: The MIT Press
  • 出版日期: 2006-11-14
  • 定價: $1,310
  • 售價: 6.0$786
  • 語言: 英文
  • 頁數: 224
  • 裝訂: Hardcover
  • ISBN: 0262090422
  • ISBN-13: 9780262090421
  • 相關分類: 軟體工程

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Description

The evolution of the concept of mind in cognitive science over the past 25 years creates new ways to think about the interaction of people and computers. New ideas about embodiment, metaphor as a fundamental cognitive process, and conceptual integration--a blending of older concepts that gives rise to new, emergent properties--have become increasingly important in software engineering (SE) and human-computer interaction (HCI). If once computing was based on algorithms, mathematical theories, and formal notations, now the use of stories, metaphors, and blends can contribute to well-informed, sensitive software design. In Designing with Blends, Manuel Imaz and David Benyon show how these new metaphors and concepts of mind allow us to discover new aspects of HCI-SE.

After 60 years, digital technology has come of age, but software design has not kept pace with technological sophistication; people struggle to understand and use their computers, cameras, phones, and other devices. Imaz and Benyon argue that the dominance of digital media in our lives demands changes in HCI-SE based on advances in cognitive science. The idea of embodied cognition, they contend, can change the way we approach design by emphasizing the figurative nature of interaction. Imaz and Benyon offer both theoretical grounding and practical examples that illustrate the advantages of applying cognitive concepts to software design. A new view of cognition, they argue, will develop a cognitive literacy in software and interaction design that helps designers understand the opportunities of digital technology and provides people with a more satisfying interactive experience.

Manuel Imaz is an independent consultant and has a Ph.D. from the School of Computing at Napier University, Edinburgh.

David Benyon is Professor of Human-Computer Systems at Napier University.

 

Table of Contents

 Preface ix
 
 Acknowledgments xiii
 
1 | Growing Up in the Digital Age 1
 
 Things Digital 2
 
 The Felt Sense of Thinking 5
 
 A Short History of Cognition 7
 
 Concepts of Software 10
 
 Human-Computer Interaction 13
 
 Framing the Problem 15
 
2 | Cognition and the Body 19
 
 Cognitive Models 21
 
 Concepts and Categories 26
 
 Image Schemata 30
 
 Embodied Cognition 35
 
3 | Metaphors and Blends 37
 
 Metaphor 37
 
 Mental Spaces 40
 
 Blends 43
 
 Metaphor or Blend? 48
 
 The Desktop Metaphor 50
 
 Metaphors and Figurative Language 54
 
4 | Blends in Human-Computer Interaction and Software Engineering 57
 
 Types of Integration Networks 57
 
 Figurative Language in SE 61
 
 Figurative Language in HCI 66
 
 SE Examples of Blends 70
 
5 | Software Engineering 77
 
 Concepts and Notations 77
 
 Entity-Relationship Models 82
 
 State-Transition Diagrams 85
 
 The Top-Down Method 86
 
 Data-Flow Diagrams 88
 
 The OO Paradigm 90
 
 A Basic Ontology for SE 98
 
6 | Human-Computer Interaction 103
 
 Principles of Blends 106
 
 Actions in HCI 114
 
 Tasks in HCI 120
 
 Goals and Personae 123
 
 Future Interactions 130
 
7 | Understanding Requirements 135
 
 Perspectives on Requirements 135
 
 Requirements in SE 144
 
 Scenarios 152
 
 Use Cases 162
 
 Patterns 167
 
8 | Designing with Blends 171
 
 Metaphor and Design 171
 
 Analysis 173
 
 Design 179
 
 Designing a Home Information Center 183
 
 Conclusions 191
 
9 | Reflections 193
 
 Emerging Views on HCI 194
 
 Personal Spaces 198
 
 Fluency in Conceptual Integration 201
 
 Critical Perspectives 204
 
 Summary 206
 
 References 209
 
 Index 219