Group Cognition: Computer Support for Building Collaborative Knowledge (Hardcover)

Gerry Stahl

  • 出版商: The MIT Press
  • 出版日期: 2006-03-24
  • 定價: $1,400
  • 售價: 2.8$399
  • 語言: 英文
  • 頁數: 524
  • 裝訂: Hardcover
  • ISBN: 0262195399
  • ISBN-13: 9780262195393

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Description

Innovative uses of global and local networks of linked computers make new ways of collaborative working, learning, and acting possible. In Group Cognition Gerry Stahl explores the technological and social reconfigurations that are needed to achieve computer-supported collaborative knowledge building--group cognition that transcends the limits of individual cognition. Computers can provide active media for social group cognition where ideas grow through the interactions within groups of people; software functionality can manage group discourse that results in shared understandings, new meanings, and collaborative learning. Stahl offers software design prototypes, analyzes empirical instances of collaboration, and elaborates a theory of collaboration that takes the group, rather than the individual, as the unit of analysis.

Stahl's design studies concentrate on mechanisms to support group formation, multiple interpretive perspectives, and the negotiation of group knowledge in applications as varied as collaborative curriculum development by teachers, writing summaries by students, and designing space voyages by NASA engineers. His empirical analysis shows how, in small-group collaborations, the group constructs intersubjective knowledge that emerges from and appears in the discourse itself. This discovery of group meaning becomes the springboard for Stahl's outline of a social theory of collaborative knowing. Stahl also discusses such related issues as the distinction between meaning making at the group level and interpretation at the individual level, appropriate research methodology, philosophical directions for group cognition theory, and suggestions for further empirical work.

Gerry Stahl is Associate Professor in the College of Information Science and Technology, Drexel University. He is founding coeditor of the International Journal of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning.

 

Table of Contents

Series Foreword vii
 
 Introduction: Essays on Technology, Interaction, and Cognition 1
 
I Design of Computer Support for Collaboration 
 
 Studies of Technology Design 25
 
1 Share Globally, Adapt Locally 31
 
2 Evolving a Learning Environment 47
 
3 Armchair Missions to Mars 65
 
4 Supporting Situated Interpretation 81
 
5 Collaboration Technology for Communities 93
 
6 Perspectives on Collaborative Learning 119
 
7 Groupware Goes to School 155
 
8 Knowledge Negotiation Online 177
 
II Analysis of Collaborative Knowledge Building 
 
 Studies of Interaction Analysis 193
 
9 A Model of Collaborative Knowledge Building 201
 
10 Rediscovering the Collaboration 213
 
11 Contributions to a Theory of Collaboration 227
 
12 In a Moment of Collaboration 245
 
13 Collaborating with Relational References 257
 
III Theory of Group Cognition 
 
 Studies of Collaboration Theory 277
 
14 Communicating with Technology 285
 
15 Building Collaborative Knowing 303
 
16 Group Meaning / Individual Interpretation 331
 
17 Shared Meaning, Common Ground, Group Cognition 347
 
18 Making Group Cognition Visible 361
 
19 Can Collaborative Groups Think? 385
 
20 Opening New Worlds for Collaboration 409
 
21 Thinking at the Small-Group Unit of Analysis 431
 
 Notes 469
 
 References 479
 
 Name Index 499
 
 Subject Index 503