Group Cognition: Computer Support for Building Collaborative Knowledge (Hardcover)

Gerry Stahl

  • 出版商: MIT
  • 出版日期: 2006-04-01
  • 售價: $1,400
  • 語言: 英文
  • 頁數: 524
  • 裝訂: Hardcover
  • ISBN: 0262195399
  • ISBN-13: 9780262195393
  • 相關分類: 資訊科學Computer-networks
  • 立即出貨(限量) (庫存=1)




Innovative uses of global and local networks of linked computers make new ways of collaborative working, learning, and acting possible. In Group Cognition Gerry Stahl explores the technological and social reconfigurations that are needed to achieve computer-supported collaborative knowledge building--group cognition that transcends the limits of individual cognition. Computers can provide active media for social group cognition where ideas grow through the interactions within groups of people; software functionality can manage group discourse that results in shared understandings, new meanings, and collaborative learning. Stahl offers software design prototypes, analyzes empirical instances of collaboration, and elaborates a theory of collaboration that takes the group, rather than the individual, as the unit of analysis.

Stahl's design studies concentrate on mechanisms to support group formation, multiple interpretive perspectives, and the negotiation of group knowledge in applications as varied as collaborative curriculum development by teachers, writing summaries by students, and designing space voyages by NASA engineers. His empirical analysis shows how, in small-group collaborations, the group constructs intersubjective knowledge that emerges from and appears in the discourse itself. This discovery of group meaning becomes the springboard for Stahl's outline of a social theory of collaborative knowing. Stahl also discusses such related issues as the distinction between meaning making at the group level and interpretation at the individual level, appropriate research methodology, philosophical directions for group cognition theory, and suggestions for further empirical work.

Gerry Stahl is Associate Professor in the College of Information Science and Technology, Drexel University. He is founding coeditor of the International Journal of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning.


Table of Contents

Series Foreword vii
 Introduction: Essays on Technology, Interaction, and Cognition 1
I Design of Computer Support for Collaboration 
 Studies of Technology Design 25
1 Share Globally, Adapt Locally 31
2 Evolving a Learning Environment 47
3 Armchair Missions to Mars 65
4 Supporting Situated Interpretation 81
5 Collaboration Technology for Communities 93
6 Perspectives on Collaborative Learning 119
7 Groupware Goes to School 155
8 Knowledge Negotiation Online 177
II Analysis of Collaborative Knowledge Building 
 Studies of Interaction Analysis 193
9 A Model of Collaborative Knowledge Building 201
10 Rediscovering the Collaboration 213
11 Contributions to a Theory of Collaboration 227
12 In a Moment of Collaboration 245
13 Collaborating with Relational References 257
III Theory of Group Cognition 
 Studies of Collaboration Theory 277
14 Communicating with Technology 285
15 Building Collaborative Knowing 303
16 Group Meaning / Individual Interpretation 331
17 Shared Meaning, Common Ground, Group Cognition 347
18 Making Group Cognition Visible 361
19 Can Collaborative Groups Think? 385
20 Opening New Worlds for Collaboration 409
21 Thinking at the Small-Group Unit of Analysis 431
 Notes 469
 References 479
 Name Index 499
 Subject Index 503



全球和本地連接的計算機網絡的創新應用使協作工作、學習和行動的新方式成為可能。在《群體認知》中,Gerry Stahl探討了實現計算機支持的協作知識構建(超越個體認知的群體認知)所需的技術和社會重組。計算機可以為社會群體認知提供主動媒體,其中思想通過人群內部的互動而生長;軟件功能可以管理導致共享理解、新意義和協作學習的群體話語。Stahl提供了軟件設計原型,分析了協作的實證實例,並詳細說明了一種以群體而不是個體作為分析單位的協作理論。Stahl的設計研究集中在支持群體形成、多重解釋觀點以及在教師進行協作課程開發、學生撰寫摘要和NASA工程師設計太空航行等應用中協商群體知識的機制上。他的實證分析顯示,在小組協作中,群體構建了從話語本身中出現的相互主觀知識。這一發現成為Stahl概述協作知識的社會理論的跳板。Stahl還討論了群體層面的意義生成和個體層面的解釋之間的區別、適當的研究方法論、群體認知理論的哲學方向以及進一步的實證工作建議。Gerry Stahl是德雷塞爾大學信息科學與技術學院的副教授。他是《國際計算機支持協作學習期刊》的創始聯合編輯。


系列前言 vii
導言:關於技術、互動和認知的論文 1
I 設計計算機協作支持 25
技術設計研究 31
演化學習環境 47
對火星的躺椅任務 65
支持情境解釋 81
社區的協作技術 93
協作學習的觀點 119