New Directions in Question Answering (Paperback)

Mark T. Maybury

  • 出版商: MIT
  • 出版日期: 2004-11-19
  • 售價: $1,200
  • 語言: 英文
  • 頁數: 320
  • 裝訂: Paperback
  • ISBN: 0262633043
  • ISBN-13: 9780262633048
  • 立即出貨(限量) (庫存=3)




Question answering systems, which provide natural language responses to natural language queries, are the subject of rapidly advancing research encompassing both academic study and commercial applications, the most well-known of which is the search engine Ask Jeeves. Question answering draws on different fields and technologies, including natural language processing, information retrieval, explanation generation, and human computer interaction. Question answering creates an important new method of information access and can be seen as the natural step beyond such standard Web search methods as keyword query and document retrieval. This collection charts significant new directions in the field, including temporal, spatial, definitional, biographical, multimedia, and multilingual question answering.

After an introduction that defines essential terminology and provides a roadmap to future trends, the book covers key areas of research and development. These include current methods, architecture requirements, and the history of question answering on the Web; the development of systems to address new types of questions; interactivity, which is often required for clarification of questions or answers; reuse of answers; advanced methods; and knowledge representation and reasoning used to support question answering. Each section contains an introduction that summarizes the chapters included and places them in context, relating them to the other chapters in the book as well as to the existing literature in the field and assessing the problems and challenges that remain.

Mark T. Maybury is Executive Director of the Information Technology Division at the MITRE Corporation in Bedford, Massachusetts. He is the editor of Intelligent Multimedia Interfaces (AAAI/MIT Press 1993) and Intelligent Multimedia Information Retrieval (AAAI/ MIT Press 1997) and coeditor of Readings on Intelligent User Interfaces, Advances in Text Summarization (MIT Press 1999), and Advances in Knowledge Management (MIT Press 2001).


Table of Contents:

Mark Maybury
1 Question Answering: An Introduction
Mark Maybury
Section One: Foundations and History
Section Introduction 15
2 Software Architectures for Advanced QA
Eric Nyberg, John Burger, Scott Mardis and David Ferrucci
3 Bringing Commercial Question Answering to the Web
Brian Ulicny
Section Two: Definitional, Biographical, and Terminology QA
Section Introduction 41
4 Answering Definitional Questions: A Hybrid Approach
Sasha Blair-Goldensohn, Kathleen R. McKeown and Andrew Hazen Schlaikjer
5 A Hybrid Approach to Answering Biographical Questions
Ralph Weischedel, Jinxi Xu and Ana Licuanan
6 Question Answering in Terminology-Rich Technical Domains
Fabio Rinaldi, Michael Hess, James Dowdall, Diego Mollá and Rolf Schwitter
Section Three: Multiperspective, Temporal, and Multimedia QA
Section Introduction 83
7 Low-Level Annotations and Summary Representations of Opinions for Multiperspective QA
Claire Cardie, Janyce M. Wiebe, Theresa Wilson and Diane J. Litman
8 Representing Temporal and Event Knowledge for QA Systems
James Pustejovsky, Roser Saurí, José Castaño, Dragomir R. Radev, Robert Gaizauskas, Andrea Setzer, Beth Sunheim and Graham Katz
9 Answering Questions About Moving Objects in Videos
Boris Katz, Jimmy Lin, Chris Stauffer and Eric Grimson
Section Four: Interactive and Scenario-Based QA
Section Introduction 125
10 A Data Driven Approach to Interactive QA
Sharon Small, Tomek Strzalkowski, Ting Liu, Nobuyuki Shimizu and Boris Yamrom
11 Finding Answers to Complex Questions
Anne R. Diekema, Ozgur Yilmazel, Jiangping Chen, Sarah Harwell, Lan He and Elizabeth D. Liddy
12 Experiences from Combining Dialogue System Development with Information Extraction Techniques
Arne Jönsson, Frida Andén, Lars Degerstedt, Annika Flycht-Eriksson, Magnus Merkel and Sara Norberg
Section Five: Reuse
Section Introduction 165
13 Reuse in Question Answering: A Preliminary Study
Marc Light, Abraham Ittycheriah, Andrew Latto and Nancy McCracken
14 Retrieval Models and Q and A Learning with FAQ Files
Noriko Tomuro and Steven L. Lytinen
Section Six: Advanced Methods for Question Processing and Answering
Section Introduction 195
15 Holistic Query Expansion Using Graphical Models
Daniel Mahler
16 Viewing the Web as a Virtual Database for Question Answering
Boris Katz, Sue Felshin, Jimmy Lin and Gregory Marton
17 Toward Answer-Focused Summarization Using Search Engines
Harris Wu, Dragomir R. Radev and Weiguo Fan
18 A Multi-Agent Approach to Using Redundancy and Reinforcement in Question Answering
John Prager, Jennifer Chu-Carroll and Krzysztof Czuba
Section Seven: Knowledge and Inference-Enabled Question Answering
Section Introduction 249
19 Deductive Question Answering from Multiple Resources
Richard Waldinger, Douglas Appelt, Jennifer L. Dungan, John Fry, Jerry Hobbs, David J. Israel, Peter Jarvis, David Martin, Susanne Riehemann, Mark E. Stickel and Mabry Tyson
20 Advanced Relaxation for Cooperative Question Answering
Farah Benamara and Patrick Saint Dizier
21 Trusting Answers from Web Applications
Deborah L. McGuinness and Paulo Pinheiro da Silva
Glossary of Acronyms 287
Bibliography 293
Index 317