Artificial Intelligence: A Guide to Intelligent Systems, 2/e (Hardcover)

Michael Negnevitsky

  • 出版商: Addison-Wesley
  • 出版日期: 2004-11-12
  • 售價: $400
  • 貴賓價: 9.5$380
  • 語言: 英文
  • 頁數: 440
  • 裝訂: Hardcover
  • ISBN: 0321204662
  • ISBN-13: 9780321204660
  • 相關分類: 人工智慧






Artificial Intelligence is one of the most rapidly evolving subjects within the computing/engineering curriculum, with an emphasis on creating practical applications from hybrid techniques. Despite this, the traditional textbooks continue to expect mathematical and programming expertise beyond the scope of current undergraduates and focus on areas not relevant to many of today's courses.
Negnevitsky shows students how to build intelligent systems drawing on techniques from knowledge-based systems, neural networks, fuzzy systems, evolutionary computation and now also intelligent agents. The principles behind these techniques are explained without resorting to complex mathematics, showing how the various techniques are implemented, when they are useful and when they are not. No particular programming language is assumed and the book does not tie itself to any of the software tools available. However, available tools and their uses will be described and program examples will be given in Java.
The lack of assumed prior knowledge makes this book ideal for any introductory courses in artificial intelligence or intelligent systems design, while the contemporary coverage means more advanced students will benefit by discovering the latest state-of-the-art techniques.
Table of Contents:
1 Introduction To Knowledge-Based Intelligent Systems
1.1 Intelligent Machines, Or What Machines Can Do
1.2 The History Of Artificial Intelligence, Or From The ‘Dark Ages’
To Knowledge-Based Systems
1.3 Summary
Questions For Review
2 Rule-Based Expert Systems
2.1 Introduction, Or What Is Knowledge?
2.2 Rules As A Knowledge Representation Technique
2.3 The Main Players In The Expert System Development Team
2.4 Structure Of A Rule-Based Expert System
2.5 Fundamental Characteristics Of An Expert System
2.6 Forward Chaining And Backward Chaining Inference Techniques
2.7 MEDIA ADVISOR: A Demonstration Rule-Based Expert System
2.8 Conflict Resolution
2.9 Advantages And Disadvantages Of Rule-Based Expert Systems
2.10 Summary
Questions For Review
3 Uncertainty Management In Rule-Based Expert Systems
3.1 Introduction, Or What Is Uncertainty?
3.2 Basic Probability Theory
3.3 Bayesian Reasoning
3.4 FORECAST: Bayesian Accumulation Of Evidence
3.5 Bias Of The Bayesian Mesod
3.6 Certainty Factors Theory And Evidential Reasoning
3.7 FORECAST: An Application Of Certainty Factors
3.8 Comparison Of Bayesian Reasoning And Certainty Factors
3.9 Summary
Questions For Review
4 Fuzzy Expert Systems
4.1 Introduction, Or What Is Fuzzy Thinking?
4.2 Fuzzy Sets
4.3 Linguistic Variables And Hedges
4.4 Operations Of Fuzzy Sets
4.5 Fuzzy Rules
4.6 Fuzzy Inference
4.7 Building A Fuzzy Expert System
4.8 Summary
Questions For Review
5 Frame-Based Expert Systems
5.1 Introduction, Or What Is A Frame?
5.2 Frames As A Knowledge Representation Technique
5.3 Inference In Frame-Based Experts
5.4 Methods And Demons
5.5 Interaction Of Frames And Rules
5.6 Buy Smart: A Frame-Based Expert System
5.7 Summary
Questions For Review
6 Artificial Neural Networks
6.1 Introduction, Or How The Brain Works
6.2 The Neuron As A Simple Computing Element
6.3 The Perceptron
6.4 Multilayer Neural Networks
6.5 Accelerated Learning In Multilayer Neural Networks
6.6 The Hopfield Network
6.7 Bidirectional Associative Memories
6.8 Self-Organising Neural Networks
6.9 Summary
Questions For Review
7 Evolutionary Computation
7.1 Introduction, Or Can Evolution Be Intelligent?
7.2 Simulation Of Natural Evolution
7.3 Genetic Algorithms
7.4 Why Genetic Algorithms Work
7.5 Case Study: Maintenance Scheduling With Genetic Algorithms
7.6 Evolutionary Strategies
7.7 Genetic Programming
7.8 Summary
Questions For Review
8 Hybrid Intelligent Systems
8.1 Introduction, Or How To Combine German Mechanics With Italian Love
8.2 Neural Expert Systems
8.3 Neuro-Fuzzy Systems
8.4 ANFIS: Adaptive Neuro-Fuzy Inference System
8.5 Evolutionary Neural Networks
8.6 Fuzzy Evolutionary Systems
8.7 Summary
Questions For Review
9 Knowledge Engineering And Data Mining
9.1 Introduction, Or What Is Knowledge Engineering?
9.2 Will An Expert System Work For My Problem?
9.3 Will A Fuzzy Expert System Work For My Problem?
9.4 Will A Neural Network Work For My Problem?
9.5 Will Genetic Algorithms Work For My Problem?
9.6 Will A Neuro-Fuzzy System Work For My Problem?
9.7 Data Mining And Knowledge Discovery
9.8 Summary
Questions For Review