In this Global Edition the basic objective of the earlier editions have been retained:
• to present a comprehensive and rigorous treatment of classical thermodynamics whileretaining an engineering perspective, and in doing so
• to lay the groundwork for subsequent studies in such fields as fluid mechanics, heattransfer, and statistical thermodynamics, and also
• to prepare the student to effectively use thermodynamics in the practice ofengineering.
The presentation is deliberately directed to students. New concepts and definitions are presented in the context where they are first relevant in a natural progression. The introduction has been reorganized with a very short introduction followed by the first thermodynamic properties to be defined (Chapter 1), which are those that can be readily measured:pressure, specific volume; and temperature. In Chapter 2, tables of thermodynamic properties are introduced, but only in regard to these measurable properties. Internal energy and enthalpy are introduced in connection with the energy equation and the first law, entropy with the second law, and the Helmholtz and Gibbs functions in the chapter on thermodynamic relations. Many real-world realistic examples and contemporary topics have been included in the book to assist the student in gaining an understanding of thermodynamics, and the problems at the end of each chapter have been carefully sequenced to correlate with the subject matter, and are grouped and identified as such. The early chapters in particular contain a large number of examples, illustrations, and problems, and throughout thebook, chapter-end summaries are included, followed by a set of concept/study problemsthat should be of benefit to the students.
The in-text concept questions appear in the text after major sections of material to allow students to reflect on the material just presented. These questions are intended to be quick self-tests for students or used by teachers as wrap-up checks for each of the subjects covered, and most of them emphasize the understanding of the material without being memory facts.
End-of-Chapter Engineering Applications
The last section in each chapter, called "Engineering Applications", has been revised with updated illustrations and a few more examples. These sections are intended to be motivating material, consisting mostly of informative examples of how this particular chapter material is being used in actual engineering. Many of these sections contains limited material with equations or developments of theory, but focus on figures and explanations of a few real physical systems where the chapter material is relevant for the engineering analysis and design. These sections are deliberately kept short and not all the details in the devices shown are explained, but the reader can get an idea about the applications relatively quickly.
Endi-of-Chapter Summaries with Main Concepts and Formulas
The end-of-chapter summaries provide a review of the main concepts covered in the chapter, with highlighted key words. To further enhance the summary, a list of skills that the student should have mastered after studying the chapter is presented. Main concepts and formulas are included after the summary for reference, and a collection of these will be available on Wiley's website. The main summary of the general control volume analysis has been removed from Chapter 7 and placed with the online material.
Concept-Study Guide Problems
Additional concept questions are placed as problems in the first section of the end-ofchapter homework problems. These problems are similar to the in-text concept questions and serve as study guide problems for each chapter. They are a little like homework problems with numbers to provide a quick check of the chapter material. These questions are short and directed toward very specific concepts. Students can answer all of these questions to assess their level of understanding and determine if any of the subjects need to be studied further. These problems are also suitable for use with the rest of the homework problems in assignments and are included in the solution manual.
The number of homework problems has been reduced with many new and modified problems. A large number of introductory problems cover all aspects of the chapter material and are listed according to the subject sections for easy selection according to the particular coverage given. They are generally ordered to be progressively more complex and involved. The later problems in many sections are related to real industrial processes and devices, and labeled under applications or energy conservation with more comprehensive problems retained and grouped as review problems. The more comprehensive and lengthy problems have been removed to conserve space.
The tables of the substances have been carried over from the previous edition with alternative refrigerant R-410A, which is the replacement for R-22, and carbon dioxide, which is a natural refrigerant. Several mote substances are included in the software.
The software CATT3 includes a number of additional substances besides those included in the printed tables in Appendix B. The current set of substances for which the software can provide the complete tables are:
－ Water Refrigerants: R-11, 12, 13, 14, 21, 22, 23, 113, 114, 123, 134a, 152a, 404a, 407c, 410A, 500, 502, 507a, and C318
－ Cryogenics: Ammonia, argon, ethane, ethylene, isobutane, methane, neon, nitrogen, oxygen, and propane/
－ Ideal Gases: air, C02, CO, N, Nz, NO, N02, H, Hz, HzO, 0, 0 2, and OH
Besides the properties of the substances just mentioned, the software can provide the psychrometric chart and the compressibility and generalized charts using the Lee-Kesler's equation-of-state including an extension for increased accuracy with the acentric factor. The software can also plot a limited number of processes in the T-s and log P-log v iagrams, giving the real process curves instead of the sketches presented in the text material.
1 Introduction and Preliminaries
2 Properties of a Pure Substance
3 Energy Equation and First Law of Thermodynamics
4 Energy Analysis for a Control Volume
5 The Second Law of Thermodynamics
7 Entropy Analysis for a Control Volume
9 Power and Refrigeration Systems—With Phase Change
10 Power and Refrigeration Systems—Gaseous Working Fluids
11 Gas Mixtures
12 Thermodynamic Relations
13 Chemical Reactions
14 Introduction to Phase and Chemical Equilibrium
15 Compressible Flow
Appendix A SI Units: Single-State Properties
Appendix B SI Units: Thermodynamic Tables
Appendix C Ideal Gas Specific Heat
Appendix D Equations of State
Appendix E English Unit Tables
Appendix F Figures