Theory and Design for Mechanical Measurements, 7/e (GE-Paperback)

Richard S. Figliola , Donald E. Beasley

  • 出版商: Wiley
  • 出版日期: 2021-07-08
  • 售價: $1,700
  • 貴賓價: 9.5$1,615
  • 語言: 英文
  • 頁數: 624
  • ISBN: 1119706408
  • ISBN-13: 9781119706403
  • 立即出貨 (庫存=1)

商品描述

Theory and Design for Mechanical Measurements provides a well-founded, fundamental background in the theory and practice of engineering measurements. Designed to align with a variety of undergraduate course structures, the book offers a rigorous treatment of the subject with a flexible pedagogical framework for use in graduate studies, independent study, or professional reference. It integrates the necessary elements to conduct engineering measurements through the design of measurement systems and measurement test plans, with an emphasis on the role of statistics and uncertainty analyses in that process. This International Adaptation offers new or expanded material on several topics, mostly under Fundamentals of Measurement, Systematic and Random Errors and Standard Uncertainties, Sensors and Actuators. Along with extensive coverage of device selection, test procedures, measurement system performance, the book includes practical discussion on real-world methods and techniques. The current applications of measurement theory and design are presented with examples, case studies, and vignettes. The updated end-of-chapter material includes significant number of new problems.

目錄大綱

Table of contents

1 FUNDAMENTAL OF MEASUREMENTS


1.1 Introduction


1.2 General Measurement System


1.3 Experimental Test Plan


1.4 Calibration


1.5 Standards


1.6 Presenting Data


1.7 Loading Effects


1.8 Applications of Measurement Systems


Summary


Nomenclature


References


Problems


2 STATIC AND DYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF SIGNALS


2.1 Introduction


2.2 Input/Output Signal Concepts


2.3 Signal Analysis


2.4 Signal Amplitude and Frequency


2.5 Fourier Transform and the Frequency Spectrum


Summary


References


Suggested Reading


Nomenclature,


Problems


3 MEASUREMENT SYSTEM BEHAVIOR


3.1 Introduction,


3.2 General Model for a Measurement System


3.3 Special Cases of the General System Model


3.4 Transfer Functions


3.5 Phase Linearity


3.6 Multiple-Function Inputs


3.7 Coupled Systems


Summary


References


Nomenclature


Subscripts


Problems


4 PROBABILITY AND STATISTICS


4.1 Introduction


4.2 Statistical Measurement Theory


4.3 Describing the Behavior of a Population


4.4 Statistics of Finite-Sized Data Sets


4.5 Hypothesis Testing


4.6 Chi-Squared Distribution


4.7 Regression Analysis


4.8 Data Outlier Detection


4.9 Number of Measurements Required


4.10 Monte Carlo Simulations


4.11. Maximum Likelihood Theory


Summary


References


Nomenclature


Problems


5 ERRORS AND UNCERTAINTY ANALYSIS


5.1 Introduction


5.2 Measurement Errors


5.3 Design-Stage Uncertainty Analysis


5.4 Identifying Error Sources


5.5 Systematic and Random Errors and Standard Uncertainties


5.6 Uncertainty Analysis: Multi-Variable Error Propagation


5.7 Advanced-Stage Uncertainty Analysis


5.8 Multiple-Measurement Uncertainty Analysis


5.9 Correction for Correlated Errors


5.10 Nonsymmetrical Systematic Uncertainty Interval


Summary


References


Nomenclature


Problems


6 ANALOG ELECTRICAL DEVICES AND MEASUREMENTS


6.1 Introduction


6.2 Analog Devices: Current Measurements


6.3 Analog Devices: Voltage Measurements


6.4 Analog Devices: Resistance Measurements


6.5 Loading Errors and Impedance Matching


6.6 Analog Signal Conditioning: Amplifiers


6.7 Analog Signal Conditioning: Special-Purpose Circuits


6.8 Analog Signal Conditioning: Filters,


6.9 Grounds, Shielding, and Connecting Wires


Summary


References


Nomenclature


Problems


7 SAMPLING, DIGITAL DEVICES, AND DATA ACQUISITION


7.1 Introduction


7.2 Sampling Concepts


7.3 Digital Devices: Bits and Words


7.4 Transmitting Digital Numbers: High and Low Signals


7.5 Voltage Measurements


7.6 Data Acquisition Systems


7.7 Data Acquisition System Components


7.8 Analog Input-Output Communication


7.9 Digital Input-Output Communication


7.10 Digital Image Acquisition and Processing


Summary


References


Nomenclature


Problems


8 TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENTS


8.1 Introduction


8.2 Temperature Standards and Definition


8.3 Thermometry Based on Thermal Expansion


8.4 Electrical Resistance Thermometry


8.5 Thermoelectric Temperature Measurement


8.6 Radiative Temperature Measurements


8.7 Physical Errors in Temperature Measurement,


Summary


References


Suggested Reading


Nomenclature


Problems


9 PRESSURE AND VELOCITY MEASUREMENTS


9.1 Introduction


9.2 Pressure Concepts


9.3 Pressure Reference Instruments


9.4 Elastic Pressure Transducers


9.5 Pressure Transducer Calibration


9.6 Pressure Measurements in Moving Fluids


9.7 Modeling Pressure-Fluid Systems


9.8 Design and Installation: Transmission Effects


9.9 Acoustical Measurements


9.10 Fluid Velocity Measuring Systems


Summary


References


Nomenclature


Problems


10 FLOWMEASUREMENTS


10.1 Introduction


10.2 Historical Background


10.3 Flow Rate Concepts


10.4 Volume Flow Rate through Velocity Determination


10.5 Pressure Differential Meters


10.6 Insertion Volume Flow Meters


10.7 Mass Flow Meters


10.8 Flow Meter Calibration and Standards


10.9 Estimating Standard Flow Rate


Summary


References


Nomenclature


Problems


11 STRAIN MEASUREMENT


11.1 Introduction


11.2 Stress and Strain


11.3 Resistance Strain Gauges


11.4 Strain Gauge Electrical Circuits


11.5 Practical Considerations for Strain Measurement


11.6 Apparent Strain and Temperature Compensation


11.7 Optical Strain Measuring Techniques


Summary


References


Nomenclature


Problems


12 MECHATRONICS: SENSORS, ACTUATORS, AND CONTROLS


12.1 Introduction


12.2 Sensors


12.3 Actuators


12.4 Controls


Summary


References


Nomenclature


Problems


A PROPERTY DATA AND CONVERSION FACTORS


B LAPLACE TRANSFORM BASICS


B.1 Final Value Theorem


B.2 Laplace Transform Pairs


C Standard Normal Table


Reference


GLOSSARY


INDEX