Nonlinear Dimensionality Reduction Techniques: A Data Structure Preservation Approach

Lespinats, Sylvain, Colange, Benoit, Dutykh, Denys

  • 出版商: Springer
  • 出版日期: 2021-12-03
  • 售價: $5,020
  • 貴賓價: 9.5$4,769
  • 語言: 英文
  • 頁數: 260
  • 裝訂: Hardcover - also called cloth, retail trade, or trade
  • ISBN: 3030810259
  • ISBN-13: 9783030810252
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1 Data science context

1.1 Data in a metric space

1.1.1 Measuring dissimilarities and similarities

1.1.2 Neighbourhood ranks

1.1.3 Embedding space notations

1.1.4 Multidimensional data

1.1.5 Sequence data

1.1.6 Network data

1.1.7 A few multidimensional datasets

1.2 Automated tasks

1.2.1 Underlying distribution

1.2.2 Category identification

1.2.3 Data manifold analysis

1.2.4 Model learning

1.2.5 Regression

1.3 Visual exploration

1.3.1 Human in the loop using graphic variables

1.3.2 Spatialization and Gestalt principles

1.3.3 Scatter plots

1.3.4 Parallel coordinates

1.3.5 Colour coding

1.3.6 Multiple coordinated views and visual interaction

1.3.7 Graph drawing

2 Intrinsic dimensionality

2.1 Curse of dimensionality

2.1.1 Data sparsity

2.1.2 Norm concentration

2.2 ID estimation

2.2.1 Covariance-based approaches

2.2.2 Fractal approaches

2.2.3 Towards local estimation


2.3.1 Gaussian mixture modelling

2.3.2 Test of TIDLE on a two clusters case

3 Map evaluation

3.1 Objective and practical indicators

3.1.1 Subjectivity of indicators .

3.1.2 User studies on specific tasks

3.2 Unsupervised global evaluation

3.2.1 Types of distortions

3.2.2 Link between distortions and mapping continuity

3.2.3 Reasons of distortions ubiquity

3.2.4 Scalar indicators

3.2.5 Aggregation

3.2.6 Diagrams

3.3 Class-aware indicators

3.3.1 Class separation and aggregation

3.3.2 Comparing scores between the two spaces

3.3.3 Class cohesion and distinction

3.3.4 The case of one cluster per class

4 Map interpretation

4.1 Axes recovery

4.1.1 Linear case: biplots

4.1.2 Non-linear case

4.2 Local evaluation

4.2.1 Point-wise aggregation

4.2.2 One to many relations with focus point .

4.2.3 Many to many relations

4.3 MING

4.3.1 Uniform formulation of rank-based indicator

4.3.2 MING graphs

4.3.3 MING analysis for a toy dataset

4.3.4 Impact of MING parameters

4.3.5 Visual clutter

4.3.6 Oil flow

4.3.7 COIL-20 dataset

4.3.8 MING perspectives

5 Unsupervised DR

5.1 Spectral projections

5.1.1 Principal Component Analysis

5.1.2 Classical MultiDimensional Scaling

5.1.3 Kernel methods: Isompap, KPCA, LE

5.2 Non-linear MDS

5.2.1 Metric MultiDimensional Scaling

5.2.2 Non-metric MultiDimensional Scaling

5.3 Neighbourhood Embedding

5.3.1 General principle: SNE

5.3.2 Scale setting

5.3.3 Divergence choice: NeRV and JSE

5.3.4 Symmetrization

5.3.5 Solving the crowding problem: tSNE

5.3.6 Kernel choice

5.3.7 Adaptive Student Kernel Imbedding

5.4 Graph layout

5.4.1 Force directed graph layout: Elastic Embedding

5.4.2 Probabilistic graph layout: LargeVis

5.4.3 Topological method UMAP

5.5 Artificial neural networks

5.5.1 Auto-encoders

5.5.2 IVIS

6 Supervised DR

6.1 Types of supervision

6.1.1 Full supervision

6.1.2 Weak supervision

6.1.3 Semi-supervision

6.2 Parametric with class pur


After his PhD degree in biomathematics from Pierre and Marie Curie University, Sylvain Lespinats held postdoc positions at several institutions, including INSERM (the French National Institute of Medical Reseach), INREST (the French National Insistute of Transport and Security Research), and some universities and research institutes. He is currently a permanent researcher at CEA-INES (the French National Institute of Solar Energy) near Chambery. He is the author or co-author of about 50 papers and more then ten patents. His work is dedicated to providing ad hoc approaches for data mining and knowledge discovery to his colleagues in various fields, including genomics, virology, quantitiative sociology, transport security, solar energy forecasting, solar plang security, and battery diagnosis. Dr. Lespinats's scientific interests include the exhibition of spatial structures in high dimensional data. In that framework, he developed several non-linear mapping methods and worked on the local evaluation of mappings. Recently he mainly focuses on renewable data to contribute to energy transition.
Benoit Colange graduated from the Ecole Centrale de Lyon and hte Universite Claude Bernard Lyon 1 in France. During his PhD training in collaboration between the CEA-INES and LAMA (Laboratory of Mathematics UMR 5127), he worked toward the connection of new methods for the analysis of metric data, including multidimensional data.The main purpose of this PhD was to provide innovative tools for the diagnosis of energy systems, such as photovoltaic power plants, electrochemical storage systems and smart buildings. His research interests mainly focus on dimensionality reduction and visual exploration of data.
Denys Dutykh completed his PhD at Ecole Normale Superieure de Cachan in 2007 on the topic of mathematical modelling of tsunami waves. He then joined CNRS (the French National Centre of Scientific Research) as a full-time researcher. In 2010 he defended his Habilitation thesis on the topic of mathematical modeling in the environment several years before it became mainstream. In 2012 and 2013 he lent the University College Dublin his expertise to the ERC AdG "Multiwave" project. Upon his return to CNRS in 2014 he started to diversify his research topics to include dimensionality reduction, building physics, electrochemistry, number theory and geometric approaches to Partial Differential Equations. Dr. Dutykh is the author of Numerical Methods for Diffusion Phenomena in Building Physics (Springer, 2019) and Dispersive Shallow Water Waves (Birkhauser, 2020) as well as many contributed book chapters, conference proceedings, and over 100 journal articles.