Quantum Simulations with Photons and Polaritons: Merging Quantum Optics with Condensed Matter Physics (Quantum Science and Technology)

  • 出版商: Springer
  • 出版日期: 2017-05-10
  • 售價: $5,000
  • 貴賓價: 9.5$4,750
  • 語言: 英文
  • 頁數: 214
  • 裝訂: Hardcover
  • ISBN: 3319520237
  • ISBN-13: 9783319520230
  • 相關分類: 光學 Optics物理學 Physics量子 Quantum
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商品描述

This book reviews progress towards quantum simulators based on photonic and hybrid light-matter systems, covering theoretical proposals and recent experimental work.  Quantum simulators are specially designed quantum computers. Their main aim is to simulate and understand complex and inaccessible quantum many-body phenomena found or predicted in condensed matter physics, materials science and exotic quantum field theories. Applications will include the engineering of smart materials, robust optical or electronic circuits, deciphering quantum chemistry and even the design of drugs.

Technological developments in the fields of interfacing light and matter, especially in many-body quantum optics, have motivated recent proposals for quantum simulators based on strongly correlated photons and polaritons generated in hybrid light-matter systems. The latter have complementary strengths to cold atom and ion based simulators and they can probe for example out of equilibrium phenomena in a natural driven-dissipative setting. This book covers some of the most important works in this area reviewing the proposal for Mott transitions and Luttinger liquid physics with light,  to simulating interacting relativistic theories, topological insulators and gauge field physics. The stage of the field now is at a point where on top of the numerous theory proposals; experiments are also reported.

Connecting to the theory proposals presented in the chapters, the main experimental quantum technology platforms developed from groups worldwide to realize photonic and polaritonic simulators in the laboratory are also discussed. These include coupled microwave resonator arrays in superconducting circuits, semiconductor based polariton systems,  and integrated quantum photonic chips.

This is the first book dedicated to photonic approaches to quantum simulation, reviewing the fundamentals for the researcher new to the field, and providing a complete reference for the graduate student starting or already undergoing PhD studies in this area.

商品描述(中文翻譯)

本書回顧了基於光子和混合光-物質系統的量子模擬器的進展,包括理論提議和最近的實驗工作。量子模擬器是特別設計的量子計算機,其主要目的是模擬和理解凝聚態物理、材料科學和異常量子場論中的複雜且難以接近的量子多體現象。應用包括智能材料的工程設計、穩健的光學或電子電路、解密量子化學甚至藥物設計。

光與物質相互作用領域的技術發展,特別是在多體量子光學方面,已經激發了基於強相關光子和極化子在混合光-物質系統中產生的量子模擬器的最新提議。後者與基於冷原子和離子的模擬器具有互補的優勢,並且可以在自然驅動耗散的環境中探測非平衡現象。本書涵蓋了這一領域中一些最重要的工作,回顧了用光模擬Mott轉變和Luttinger液體物理,模擬相互作用相對論理論、拓撲絕緣體和規範場物理。目前,該領域的發展已經到達了一個階段,在眾多理論提議之上,也有實驗報告。

與章節中提出的理論提議相關聯,本書還討論了全球各地研究小組開發的主要實驗量子技術平台,以實現實驗室中的光子和極化子模擬器。這些包括超導電路中的耦合微波諧振器陣列、基於半導體的極化子系統和集成量子光子芯片。

這是第一本專門研究光子量子模擬方法的書籍,為新進入這一領域的研究人員回顧了基礎知識,並為開始或正在攻讀博士學位的研究生提供了完整的參考資料。