Micro Instrumentation: for High Throughput Experimentation and Process Intensification

Melvin V. Koch, Kurt M. VandenBussche, Ray W. Chrisman

  • 出版商: Wiley-VCH
  • 出版日期: 2007-04-09
  • 售價: $7,677
  • 貴賓價: 9.5$7,293
  • 語言: 英文
  • 頁數: 520
  • 裝訂: Hardcover
  • ISBN: 3527314253
  • ISBN-13: 9783527314256

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Description

This first comprehensive treatment of the intertwined roles of micro-instrumentation, high throughput experimentation and process intensification as valuable tools for process analytical technology covers both industrial as well as academic aspects. First class editors and authors from top companies and universities provide interdisciplinary coverage ranging from chemistry and analytics to process design and engineering, supported throughout by case studies and ample analytical data.

Table of Contents

Preface.

List of Contributors.

Part I Introducing the Concepts.

1 Introduction (Melvin V. Koch).

1.1 Background.

1.2 Analytical Tools for use in PAT.

1.3 The Center for Process Analytical Chemistry (CPAC) and the Summer Institute.

1.4 Topics covered by Previous CPAC Summer Institutes.

1.5 Recent Emphasis of CPAC Summer Institutes: High Throughput Experimentation and Process Intensification.

1.6 Conclusion.

2 Macro to Micro … The Evolution of Process Analytical Systems (Wayne W. Blaser and Ray W. Chrisman).

2.1 Introduction.

2.2 Chromatography.

3 Process Intensification (Kurt M. VandenBussche).

3.1 Introduction, Scope and Definitions.

3.2 Process Intensification in the Field of Reaction Engineering.

3.3 Process Intensification through Micro-structured Unit Operations.

3.4 Case Studies.

3.5 Conclusions.

4 High Throughput Research (Ray W. Chrisman).

4.1 Introduction.

4.2 Description of Terms.

4.3 Concept of a Research Process.

4.4 High Throughput Analytical.

4.5 Extracting Information from the Process.

4.6 Process Development becomes the Next Bottleneck.

4.7 Use of High Throughput Concepts for Process Development.

4.8 Microreactors for Process Development.

4.9 Current Barriers and Limitations to Microscale Reaction Characterization.

4.10 Conclusion.

Part II Technology Developments and Case Studies.

5 Introduction (Melvin V. Koch, Ray W. Chrisman, and Kurt M. VandenBussche).

6 Microreactor Concepts and Processing (Volker Hessel, Patrick Löb, Holger Löwe, and Gunther Kolb).

6.1 Introduction.

6.2 Microreactor Technology – Interfacing and Discipline Cross-boundary Research.

6.3 Microstructured Mixer-reactors for Pilot and Production Range and Scale-out Issues.

6.4 Fine-chemical Microreactor Plants.

6.5 Industrial Microreactor Process Development for Fine and Functional Chemistry.

6.6 Industrial Production in Fine Chemistry.

6.7 Microreactor Laboratory-scale Process Developments for Future Industrial Use.

6.8 Free-radical Polymerizations (Uni Strasbourg, IMM).

6.9 Future Directions – Establishing a Novel Chemistry by Enabling Function.

6.10 Summary.

7 Non-reactor Micro-component Development (Daniel R. Palo, Victoria S. Stenkamp, Jamie D. Holladay, Paul H. Humble, Robert A. Dagle, and Kriston P. Brooks).

7.1 Overview.

7.2 Introduction.

7.3 Heat Exchange.

7.4 Mixing.

7.5 Microchannel Emulsification.

7.6 Phase Separation.

7.7 Phase Transfer Processes.

7.8 Biological Processes.

7.9 Body Force Driven Processes.

7.10 Summary and Future Directions.

8 Microcomponent Flow Characterization (Bruce A. Finlayson, Pawel W. Drapala, Matt Gebhardt, Michael D. Harrison, Bryan Johnson, Marlina Lukman, Suwimol Kunaridtipol, Trevor Plaisted, Zachary Tyree, Jeremy VanBuren, and Albert Witarsa).

8.1 Introduction.

8.2 Pressure Drop.

8.3 Dimensionless Mechanical Energy Balance.

8.4 Entry Lengths.

8.5 Diffusion.

8.6 Conclusion.

Nomenclature.

9 Selected Developments in Micro-analytical Technology.

9.1 Introduction (Melvin V. Koch).

9.2 Application of On-line Raman Spectroscopy to Characterize and Optimize a Continuous Microreactor (Brian Marquardt).

9.3 Developments in Ultra Micro Gas Analyzers (Ulrich Bonne, Clark T. Nguyen, and Dennis E. Polla).

9.4 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (Michael McCarthy).

9.5 Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) Sensors (Clement E. Furlong, Timothy Chinowsky, and Scott Soelberg).

9.6 Dielectric Spectroscopy: Choosing the Right Approach (Alexander Mamishev).

9.7 The Future of Liquid-phase Microseparation Devices in Process Analytical Technology (Scott E. Gilbert).

9.8 Grating Light Re. ection Spectroscopy: A Tool for Monitoring the Properties of Heterogeneous Matrices (Lloyd W. Burgess).

10 New Platform for Sampling and Sensor Initiative (NeSSI) (David J. Veltkamp).

10.1 Introduction.

10.2 What is NeSSI?

10.3 NeSSI Background.

10.4 NeSSI Physical Layer (Generation I NeSSI).

10.5 NeSSI Electrical Layer (Generation II NeSSI).

10.6 Advantages of NeSSI in Laboratory Applications.

10.7 Conclusions.

11 Catalyst Characterization for Gas Phase Processes (Michelle J. Cohn and Douglas B. Galloway).

11.1 Introduction.

11.2 Characterizing Reactivity, Reaction Mechanisms, and Diffusion.

11.3 Summary.

12 Integrated Microreactor System for Gas Phase Reactions (David J. Quiram, Klavs F. Jensen, Martin A. Schmidt, Patrick L. Mills, James F. Ryley, Mark D. Wetzel, and Daniel J. Kraus).

12.1 Overview.

12.2 Introduction.

12.3 Microreactor Packaging.

12.4 Microreactor System Design.

12.5 System Control and Process Monitoring.

12.6 Microreactor Process Safety.

12.7 Microreactor Experimental Methods.

12.8 AIMS Testing Results and Discussion.

12.9 Summary and Conclusions.

13 Liquid Phase Process Characterization (Daniel A. Hickman and Daniel D. Sobeck).

13.1 Overview.

13.2 Background.

13.3 System Design Basis.

13.4 System Capabilities.

13.4.1 System Overview.

13.4.1.1 Feed System.

13.5 Conclusions.

Nomenclature.

References.

14 Novel Systems for New Chemistry Exploration (Paul Watts).

14.1 Introduction.

14.2 Chemical Synthesis in Microreactors.

14.2.1 Synthesis of Pyrazoles.

14.2.2 Peptide Synthesis.

14.2.3 Reaction Optimization.

14.2.4 Stereochemistry.

14.3 Chemical Synthesis in Flow Reactors.

14.3.1 Large-scale Manufacture.

14.4 Conclusions.

References.

15 Going from Laboratory to Pilot Plant to Production using Microreactors (Michael Grund, Michael Häberl, Dirk Schmalz, and Hanns Wurziger).

15.1 Introduction.

15.2 Nitration.

15.3 Microreaction System “MICROTAUROS.”

15.4 Automated Reaction Optimization.

15.5 Upscale in Larger Laboratory Scale.

15.6 Upscale in a Pilot Plant.

15.7 A Concept for the Future.

15.8 Conclusion.

References.

Part III A Summary and Path Forward.

16 Concluding Remarks (Melvin V. Koch, Ray W. Chrisman, and Kurt M. VandenBussche).

16.1 Summary.

16.2 The Path Forward.

Subject Index.