Fault-Diagnosis Systems: An Introduction from Fault Detection to Fault Tolerance (Paperback)

Rolf Isermann

  • 出版商: Springer
  • 出版日期: 2005-10-13
  • 售價: $1,200
  • 貴賓價: 9.8$1,176
  • 語言: 英文
  • 頁數: 475
  • 裝訂: Paperback
  • ISBN: 3540241124
  • ISBN-13: 9783540241126

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Description

With increasing demands for efficiency and product quality plus progress in the integration of automatic control systems in high-cost mechatronic and safety-critical processes, the field of supervision (or monitoring), fault detection and fault diagnosis plays an important role.

The book gives an introduction into advanced methods of fault detection and diagnosis (FDD). After definitions of important terms, it considers the reliability, availability, safety and systems integrity of technical processes. Then fault-detection methods for single signals without models such as limit and trend checking and with harmonic and stochastic models, such as Fourier analysis, correlation and wavelets are treated. This is followed by fault detection with process models using the relationships between signals such as parameter estimation, parity equations, observers and principal component analysis. The treated fault-diagnosis methods include classification methods from Bayes classification to neural networks with decision trees and inference methods from approximate reasoning with fuzzy logic to hybrid fuzzy-neuro systems.

Several practical examples for fault detection and diagnosis of DC motor drives, a centrifugal pump, automotive suspension and tire demonstrate applications.

 

Table of contents

Introduction.- Supervision and fault management of processes - tasks and terminology.- Reliability, Availability and Maintainability (RAM).- Safety, Dependability and System Integrity.- Process Models and Fault Modeling.- Signal models.- Fault diagnosis with limit checking.- Fault detection with signal models.- Fault detection with process-identification methods.- Fault detection with parity equations.- Fault detection with state observers and state estimation.- Fault detection of control loops.- Fault detection with Principal Component Analysis (PCA).- Comparison and combination of fault-detection methods.- Diagnosis procedures and problems.- Fault diagnosis with classification methods.- Fault diagnosis with inference methods.- Fault-tolerant design.- Fault-tolerant components and control.- Fault detection and diagnosis of DC motor drives.- Fault detection and diagnosis of a centrifugal pump-pipe-system.- Fault detection and diagnosis of an automotive suspension and the tire pressures.