Software Testing In The Real World: Improving The Process

Edward Kit

  • 出版商: Addison Wesley
  • 出版日期: 1995-11-17
  • 定價: $2,100
  • 售價: 9.8$2,050
  • 貴賓價: 9.3$1,948
  • 語言: 英文
  • 頁數: 272
  • 裝訂: Hardcover
  • ISBN: 0201877562
  • ISBN-13: 9780201877564
  • 相關分類: 軟體測試

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Description

The software testing process is the means in which people, tools, methods, measurements, and equipment are integrated to test a software product. This book offers a toolbox for the practical implementation of the testing process and how to improve it. Based on real-world issues and examples, it brings together the key methods of software testing with practical implementation techniques, and presents a simple, highly practical approach to those getting started and immature organizations. For those already practicing, it provides a guide to the best, current, practice sources and a framework for the ongoing and sustainable improvement of software testing. It is an up-to-date, practical guide for professionals in the field to test process implementation and improvement.

I. SOFTWARE TESTING PROCESS MATURITY.

1. The Six Essentials of Software Testing.
Essential 1: The Quality of the Test Process Determines the Success of the Test Effort.
Essential 2: Prevent Defect Migration by Using Early Life-Cycle Testing Techniques.
Essential 3: The time for Software Testing Tools is Now.
Essential 4: A Real Person Must Take Responsibility for Improving the Testing Process.
Essential 5: Testing is a Professional Discipline Requiring Trained, Skilled People.
Essential 6: Cultivate a Positive Team Attitude of Creative Destruction.

2. The State of the Art and the State of the Practice.
The Short Eventful History of a Very New Discipline.
Where Exactly Are We Now?
How Should Testing Be Positioned?
References.

3. The Clean-Sheet Approach to Getting Started.

II. THE FRAMEWORK FOR TEST PROCESS IMPROVEMENT.

4. Establishing a Practical Perspective.
What Are We Aiming For?
All You Ever Wanted to Know About Errors.
So What Is Testing Really? Some Definitions.
Good Testers Have a Testing Attitude.
How Testers Do It.
What Can We Do Now?
References.

5. Critical Choices: What, When, and How to Test.
Risk and Risk Management.
Start Testing Early.
Basic Forms of the Testing Process--Verification and Validation.
Testing, the Development Cycle, and the Real World of Contracts.
Effective Testing and Cost-Effective Testing.
What Can We Do Now?
References.

6. Critical Disciplines: Frameworks for Testing.
Planning.
Software Engineering Maturity and the SEI.
Configuration Management.
Standards.
Formal Documents.
Testware.
Measurement.
Tools.
What Can We Do Now?
References.

III. TESTING METHODS.

7. Verification Testing.
Basic Verification Methods.
Getting Leverage On Verification.
Verifying Documents at Different Phases.
Getting the Best From Verification.
Three Critical Success Factors for Implementing Verification.
Recommendations.
References.

8. Validation Testing.
Validation Overview.
Validation Methods.
Validation Activities.
Recommendation Strategy For Validation Testing.
References.

9. Controlling Validation Costs.
Minimizing the Cost of Performing Tests.
Minimizing the Cost of Maintaining the Tests.
Minimizing Validation Testware Development Costs.
The Testware Library.
Recommendations.

10. Testing Tasks, Deliverables, and Chronology.
Master Test Planning.
Verification Testing Tasks and Deliverables.
Validation Testing Tasks and Deliverables.
A Testing Orphan--User Manuals.
Product Release Criteria.
Summary of IEEE/ANSI Test Related Documents.
Life-Cycle Mapping of Tasks and Deliverables.
References.

11. Software Testing Tools.
Categorizing Test Tools.
Tool Acquisition.
References.

12. Measurement.
Measurement Provides Answers.
Useful Measures.
Other Interesting Measures.
Recommendations.
References.

IV. MANAGING TEST TECHNOLOGY.

13. Organizational Approaches to Testing.
Organizing and Reorganizing Testing.
Structural Design Elements.
Approaches to Organizing the Test Function.
Selecting the Right Approach.
References.

14. Current Practices, Trends, Challenges.
Guis: What's New Here?
Usage Testing.
Tester-to-Developer Ratios.
Software Measures and Practices Benchmark Study.
References.

15. Getting Sustainable Gains In Place.
Getting Gains to Happen.
Getting Help.
Follow-Up.
References.

Appendix A. Standards Relevant to Software Engineering and Testing.
Appendix B. Verification Checklists.
Appendix C. Verification Exercises.
Appendix D. Validation Exercises (Solutions).
Appendix E. Bibliography.
Appendix F. Sources: Conferences, Journals, Newsletters, DOD Specifications.
Appendix G. Specific Tools and Tool Selection.
Appendix H. Sample Lists of Improvements to Be Implemented.
Index. 0201877562T04062001



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