The Visual Neurosciences

Leo M. Chalupa, John S. Werner

  • 出版商: The MIT Press
  • 出版日期: 2003-11-21
  • 定價: $6,800
  • 售價: 5.0$3,400
  • 語言: 英文
  • 頁數: 1808
  • 裝訂: Hardcover
  • ISBN: 0262033089
  • ISBN-13: 9780262033084

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Visual science is the model system for neuroscience, its findings relevant to all other areas. This massive collection of papers by leading researchers in the field will become an essential reference for researchers and students in visual neuroscience, and will be of importance to researchers and professionals in other disciplines, including molecular and cellular biology, cognitive science, ophthalmology, psychology, computer science, optometry, and education.

Over 100 chapters cover the entire field of visual neuroscience, from its historical foundations to the latest research and findings in molecular mechanisms and network modeling. The book is organized by topic--different sections cover such subjects as the history of vision science; developmental processes; retinal mechanisms and processes; organization of visual pathways; subcortical processing; processing in the primary visual cortex; detection and sampling; brightness and color; form, shape,and object recognition; motion, depth, and spatial relationships; eye movements; attention and cognition; and theoretical and computational perspectives. The list of contributors includes leading international researchers in visual science.

Leo M. Chalupa is Professor in the Department of Ophthalmalogy and the Section of Neurobiology, Physiology, and Behavior at the University of California, Davis.

John S. Werner is Professor in the Department of Ophthalmalogy and the Section of Neurobiology, Physiology, and Behavior at the University of California, Davis.

 

Table of Contents:

Preface xiii
I. HISTORICAL FOUNDATIONS 1
1. Vision Structure and Function: The Early History
Mitchell Glickstein
3
2. The Role of Single-Unit Analysis in the Past and Future of Neurobiology
Horace Barlow
14
II. DEVELOPMENTAL PROCESSES 31
3. Molecular Regulation of Vertebrate Retinal Development
Colin J. Barnstable
33
4. Neurotrophins, Electrical Activity, and the Development of Visual Function
Nicoletta Berardi and Lamberto Maffei
46
5. Developmental and Genetic Control of Cell Number in the Retina
Robert W. Williams and Sally A. Moody
63
6. Development of the Vertebrate Retina
Rachel O.L. Wong and Leanne Godinho
77
7. The Development of Retinal Decussations
Carol Mason and Lynda Erskine
94
8. The Development of Eye-Specific Segregation in the Retino-Geniculo-Striate Pathway
Barbara Chapman
108
9. The Role of Neural Activity in the Development of Orientation Selectivity
Chiayu Chiu and Michael Weliky
117
10. Mechanisms of Plasticity in the Visual Cortex
Nigel W. Daw
126
11. Ontogenesis of Cortical Connectivity
Henry Kennedy and Andreas Burkhalter
146
12. Neural Limitations on Visual Development in Primates
Lynne Kiorpes and J. Anthony Movshon
159
13. Development of Spatial Selectivity and Response Timing in Humans
Anthony M. Norcia
174
14. The Effects of Selected Forms of Early Visual Deprivation on Perception
Donald E. Mitchell
189
15. Toward a Future for Aging Eyes
R.A. Weale
205
III. RETINAL MECHANISMS AND PROCESSES 213
16. Visual Transduction by Rod and Cone Photoreceptors
Mary E. Burns and Trevor D. Lamb
215
17. How Retinal Circuits Optimize the Transfer of Visual Information
Peter Sterling
234
18. ON and OFF Pathways in the Vertebrate Retina and Visual System
Ralph Nelson and Helga Kolb
260
19. Retinal Synapses
Martin Wilson
279
20. Retinal Neurotransmitters
Robert E. Marc
304
21. Excitation in the Retina: The Flow, Filtering, and Molecules of Visual Signaling in the Glutamatergic Pathways from Photoreceptors to Ganglion Cells
David R. Copenhagen
320
22. Peptide and Peptide Receptor Expression and Function in the Vertebrate Retina
Nicholas C. Brecha
334
23. Inhibition in the Retina
Malcolm M. Slaughter
355
24. Anatomy, Circuitry, and Physiology of Vertebrate Horizontal Cells
Ido Perlman, Helga Kolb and Ralph Nelson
369
25. Retinal Amacrine Cells
David I. Vaney
395
26. Ganglion Cells in Mammalian Retinae
Paul R. Martin and Ulrike Grunert
410
27. Retinal Ganglion Cell Excitability
Andrew T. Ishida
422
28. Direction Selectivity in Retinal Ganglion Cells
Richard H. Masland
451
29. Spatial Regularity among Retinal Neurons
Jeremy E. Cook
463
IV. ORGANIZATION OF VISUAL PATHWAYS 479
30. The M, P, and K Pathways of the Primate Visual System
Ehud Kaplan
481
31. Parallel Visual Pathways: A Comparative Perspective
Vivien A. Casagrande and Xiangmin Xu
494
32. Organization of Visual Areas in Macaque and Human Cerebral Cortex
David C. Van Essen
507
33. Communications between Cortical Areas of the Visual System
Jean Bullier
522
34. Ventral and Dorsal Cortical Processing Streams
Leslie G. Ungerleider and Tatiana Pasternak
541
V. SUBCORTICAL PROCESSING 563
35. The Visual Relays in the Thalamus
S. Murray Sherman and R.W. Guillery
565
36. The Visual Functions of the Pulvinar
Christian Casanova
592
37. Feedback Systems in Visual Processing
Adam M. Sillito and Helen E. Jones
609
38. Light Responsiveness and Photic Entrainment of the Mammalian Circadian Clock
Johanna H. Meijer and Joseph S. Takahashi
626
39. Learning from the Pupil: Studies of Basic Mechanisms and Clinical Applications
John L. Barbur
641
40. Blindsight
Larry Weiskrantz
657
VI. PROCESSING IN PRIMARY VISUAL CORTEX 671
41. Functional Connectivity in the Pathway from Retina to Striate Cortex
R. Clay Reid and W. Martin Usrey
673
42. Cell Types and Local Circuits in Primary Visual Cortex of the Macaque Monkey
Edward M. Callaway
680
43. Assembly of Receptive Fields in Primary Visual Cortex
David Ferster
695
44. A Modern View of the Classical Receptive Field: Linear and Nonlinear Spatiotemporal Processing by V1 Neurons
Gregory C. DeAngelis and Akiyuki Anzai
704
45. Beyond the Classical Receptive Field: Contextual Modulation of V1 Responses
Victor A. F. Lamme
720
46. Contributions of Vertical and Horizontal Circuits to the Response Properties of Neurons in Primary Visual Cortex
Thomas R. Tucker and David Fitzpatrick
733
47. Nonlinear Properties of Visual Cortex Neurons: Temporal Dynamics, Stimulus Selectivity, Neural Performance
Duane G. Albrecht, Wilson S. Geisler and Alison M. Crane
747
48. Binocular Interaction in the Visual Cortex
Ralph D. Freeman
765
49. From Binocular Disparity to the Perception of Stereoscopic Depth
Andrew J. Parker
779
VII DETECTION AND SAMPLING 793
50. Formation and Acquisition of the Retinal Image
David R. Williams and Heidi Hofer
795
51. Thresholds and Noise
Theodore E. Cohn
811
52. Ideal Observer Analysis
Wilson S. Geisler
825
53. Scotopic Vision
Walter Makous
838
54. Visual Adaptation
Adam Reeves
851
55. Rod-Cone Interactions in Human Vision
Steven L. Buck
863
VIII. BRIGHTNESS AND COLOR 879
56. Brightness and Lightness
Adriana Fiorentini
881
57. Color Appearance
Kenneth Knoblauch and Steven K. Shevell
892
58. Chromatic Discrimination
Joel Pokorny and Vivianne C. Smith
908
59. The Role of Color in Spatial Vision
Karen K. De Valois
924
60. Pattern-Selective Adaptation in Color and Form Perception
Michael A. Webster
936
61. Color Constancy
David H. Brainard
948
62. Comparative Color Vision
Gerald H. Jacobs
962
63. Molecular Genetics of Human Color Vision and Color Vision Defects
Maureen Neitz and Jay Neitz
974
64. Linking Retinal Circuits to Color Opponency
David J. Calkins
989
65. Neural Coding of Color
Russell L. De Valois
1003
66. The Processing of Color in Extrastriate Cortex
Karl R. Gegenfurtner and Daniel C. Kiper
1017
67. Improbable Areas in Color Vision
Semir Zeki
1029
IX. FORM, SHAPE, AND OBJECT RECOGNITION 1041
68. Spatial Scale in Visual Processing
Robert F. Hess
1043
69. Spatial Channels in Vision and Spatial Pooling
Hugh R. Wilson and Frances Wilkinson
1060
70. Contour Integration and the Lateral Connections of V1 Neurons
David J. Field and Anthony Hayes
1069
71. Shape Dimensions and Object Primitives
Charles E. Connor
1080
72. Shape and Shading
Jan J. Koenderink and Andrea J. van Doorn
1090
73. Visual Perception of Texture
Michael S. Landy and Norma Graham
1106
74. Visual Segmentation and Illusory Contours
Robert Shapley, Nava Rubin and Dario Ringach
1119
75. Global Yet Early Processing of Visual Surfaces
Yukiyasu Kamitani and Shinsuke Shimojo
1129
76. Image Parsing Mechanisms of the Visual Cortex
Rudiger von der Heydt
1139
77. Inferotemporal Response Properties
Keiji Tanaka
1151
78. Invariant Object and Face Recognition
Edmond T. Rolls
1165
79. The Ventral Visual Object Pathway in Humans: Evidence from fMRI
Nancy G. Kanwisher
1179
X. MOTION, DEPTH, AND SPATIAL RELATIONS 1191
80. Motion Cues in Insect Vision and Navigation
Mandayam A. Srinivasan and Shaowu Zhang
1193
81. The Middle Temporal Area: Motion Processing and the Link to Perception
Kenneth H. Britten
1203
82. Merging Processing Streams: Color Cues for Motion Detection and Interpretation
Karen R. Dobkins and Thomas D. Albright
1217
83. Functional Mapping of Motion Regions
Guy A. Orban and Wim Vanduffel
1229
84. Optic Flow
William H. Warren
1247
85. The Cortical Analysis of Optic Flow
Charles J. Duffy
1260
86. The Perceptual Organization of Depth
Roland Fleming and Barton L. Anderson
1284
87. Stereoopsis
Clifton M. Schor
1300
88. Binocular Rivalry
Randolph Blake
1313
89. Sensorimotor Transformation in the Posterior Parietal Cortex
Hans Scherberger and Richard A. Andersen
1324
XI. EYE MOVEMENTS 1337
90. Gaze Control under Natural Conditions
Robert M. Steinman
1339
91. Eye Movements in Daily Life
Michael F. Land
1357
92. Selection of Targets for Saccadic Eye Movements
Jeffery D. Schall
1369
93. Visual Perception during Saccades
David C. Burr and M. Concetta Morrone
1391
94. Smooth Pursuit Eye Movements: Recent Advances
Stephen J. Heinen and Edward L. Keller
1402
95. Neural Control of Vergence Eye Movements
Lawrence E. Mays
1415
96. The Primate Frontal Eye Field
Charles J. Bruce, Harriet R. Friedman, Michael S. Kraus and Gregory B. Stanton
1428
97. Changing Views of the Role of Superior Colliculus in the Control of Gaze
Neeraj J. Gandhi and David L. Sparks
1449
98. The Dialogue between Cerebral Cortex and Superior Colliculus: Implications for Saccadic Target Selection and Corollary Discharge
Marc A. Sommer and Robert H. Wurtz
1466
99. Cerebellar Control of Eye Movements
David S. Zee and Mark F. Walker
1485
XII. ATTENTION AND COGNITION 1499
100. Visual Perception and Cognition in Honeybees
Shaowu Zhang and Mandayam A. Srinivasan
1501
101. A Neural Basis for Human Visual Attention
Sabine Kastner
1514
102. Neural and Behavioral Measures of Change Detection
Daniel J. Simons and Michael Silverman
1524
103. The Role of Attention in Visual Cerebral Cortex
John H.R. Maunsell
1538
104. Volition and the Prefrontal Cortex
Earl K. Miller and Jonathan D. Wallis
1546
XIII THEORETICAL AND COMPUTATIONAL PERSPECTIVES 1561
105. The Evolution of the Visual System in Primates
Jon H. Kaas
1563
106. Gestalt Factors in the Visual Neurosciences
Lothar Spillmann and Walter H. Ehrenstein
1573
107. Neural Mechanisms of Natural Scene Perception
Jack L. Gallant
1590
108. Principles of Image Representation in Visual Cortex
Bruno A. Olshausen
1603
109 Local Analysis of Visual Motion
Eero P. Simonocelli
1616
110. Visual Boundaries and Surfaces
Stephen Grossberg
1624
111. How the Visual Cortex Recognizes Objects: The Tale of the Standard Model
Maximilian Riesenhuber and Tomaso Poggio
1640
112. Plasticity of Orientation Processing in Adult Visual Cortex
Valentin Dragoi and Mriganka Sur
1654
113. Synchrony, Oscillations, and Relational Codes
Wolf Singer
1665
114. The Neuronal Basis of Visual Consciousness
Christof Koch and Francis C. Crick
1682
List of Contributors C1
Index I1