Modularity: Understanding the Development and Evolution of Natural Complex Systems (Hardcover)

Werner Callebaut, Diego Rasskin-Gutman

  • 出版商: The MIT Press
  • 出版日期: 2005-06-01
  • 定價: $1,980
  • 售價: 1.5$299
  • 語言: 英文
  • 頁數: 471
  • 裝訂: Hardcover
  • ISBN: 0262033267
  • ISBN-13: 9780262033268

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Modularity -- the attempt to understand systems as integrations of partially independent and interacting units -- is today a dominant theme in the life sciences, cognitive science, and computer science. The concept goes back at least implicitly to the Scientific (or Copernican) Revolution, and can be found behind later theories of phrenology, physiology, and genetics; moreover, art, engineering, and mathematics rely on modular design principles. This collection broadens the scientific discussion of modularity by bringing together experts from a variety of disciplines, including artificial life, cognitive science, economics, evolutionary computation, developmental and evolutionary biology, linguistics, mathematics, morphology, paleontology, physics, theoretical chemistry, philosophy, and the arts.

The contributors debate and compare the uses of modularity, discussing the different disciplinary contexts of "modular thinking" in general (including hierarchical organization, near-decomposability, quasi-independence, and recursion) or of more specialized concepts (including character complex, gene family, encapsulation, and mosaic evolution); what modules are, why and how they develop and evolve, and the implication for the research agenda in the disciplines involved; and how to bring about useful cross-disciplinary knowledge transfer on the topic. The book includes a foreword by the late Herbert A. Simon addressing the role of near-decomposability in understanding complex systems.

Werner Callebaut is Scientific Manager of the Konrad Lorenz Institute for Evolution and Cognition Research, Vienna, and Professor of Philosophy at Limburg University, Belgium.

Diego Rasskin-Gutman is Research Associate at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies and Honorary Professor in the Department of Biology, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain.

 

Table of Contents:

Series Forward vii
Forward by Herbert A. Simon ix
Preface xv
I INTRODUCTION 1
1 The Ubiquity of Modularity
Werner Callebaut
3
II EVO-DEVO: THE MAKING OF A MODULAR WORLD 29
2 Natural Selection and the Origin of Modules
Günter P. Wagner, Jason Mezey and Raffaele Calabretta
33
3 Evolutionary Modules: Conceptual Analyses and Empirical Hypotheses
Robert N. Brandon
51
4 Evolutionary Developmental Biology Meets Levels of Selection: Modular Integration or Competition, or Both?
Rasmus G. Winther
61
5 Modularity in Evolution: Some Low-Level Questions
Lee Altenberg
99
6 Evolutionary Lock-In and the Origin of Modularity in RNA Structure
Lauren Ancel Meyers and Walter Fontana
129
7 Amphibian Variations: The Role of Modules in Mosaic Evolution
Gerhard Schlosser
143
III EVO-PATTERNS: WORKING TOWARD A GRAMMAR OF FORMS 181
8 The Remodularization of the Organism
Daniel W. McShea and Carl Anderson
185
9 Modularity: Jumping Forms within Morphospace
Diego Rasskin-Gutman
207
10 Morphological Modularity and Macroevolution: Conceptual and Empirical Aspects
Gunther J. Eble
221
11 Hierarchical Integration of Modular Structures in the Evolution of Animal Skeletons
Roger D.K. Thomas
239
12 Modularity in Art
Slavik V. Jablan
259
13 Modularity at the Boundary Between Art and Science
Angela D. Buscalioni, Alicia de la Iglesia, Rafael Delgado-Buscalioni and Anne Dejoan
283
IV MODULARITY OF MIND AND CULTURE 305
14 Evolutionary Connectionism and Mind/Brain Modularity
Raffaele Calabretta and Domenico Parisi
309
15 Modularity and Chunking
Fernand Gobet
331
16 Modularity of Cognitive Organization: Why It Is so Appealing and Why It Is Wrong
Boris M. Velichkovsky
353
17 Decomposability and Modularity of Economic Interactions
Luigi Marengo, Corrado Pasquali and Marco Valente
383
18 The Natural Logic of Communicative Possibilities: Modularity and Presupposition
D. Kimbrough Oller
409
Contributors 435
Index 437