Mechanical Bodies, Computational Minds: Artificial Intelligence from Automata to Cyborgs

Stefano Franchi, Gven Gzeldere

  • 出版商: MIT
  • 出版日期: 2004-12-30
  • 售價: $500
  • 貴賓價: 9.8$490
  • 語言: 英文
  • 頁數: 544
  • 裝訂: Paperback
  • ISBN: 0262562065
  • ISBN-13: 9780262562065
  • 相關分類: 人工智慧
  • 立即出貨(限量) (庫存=3)

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商品描述

Description:

Believing that the enterprise of constructing "artificial intelligence" transcends the bounds of any one discipline, the editors of Mechanical Bodies, Computational Minds have brought together researchers in AI and scholars in the humanities to reexamine the fundamental assumptions of both areas. The AI community, for example, could benefit from explorations of human intelligence and creativity by philosophers, psychologists, anthropologists, literary critics, and others, while analysis of AI's theoretical struggles and technical advances could yield insights into such traditional humanist concerns as the nature of rationality and the mind-body dichotomy.

The contributions include a continuation of the famous Hubert Dreyfus-Daniel Dennett debate over Kasparov's defeat by IBM's Deep Blue; Philip Agre's tracing of difficulties in AI research to the inherited tensions of Cartesian dualism; Evelyn Fox Keller's examination of the development of computer technology in relation to biology; Douglas Hofstadter's argument that thinking is more than the theorem-solving activities of AI; and Alison Adam's discussion of the implicitly male universal subject used in AI.

Stefano Franchi is Senior Lecturer in Philosophy at the University of Auckland.

Güven Güzeldere is Assistant Professor of Philosophy and Assistant Professor of Psychological and Brain Sciences at Duke University. He is coeditor (with Ned Block and Owen Flanagan) of The Nature of Consciousness: Philosophical and Scientific Debates (MIT Press, 1998) and a founding associate editor of Psyche: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Research on Consciousness.

 

Table of Contents:

Acknowledgments vii
Introduction 1
I Introducing Artificial Intelligence: Past, Present, and Future
Machinations of the Mind: Cybernetics and Artificial Intelligence from Automata to Cyborgs
Stefano Franchi and Güven Güzeldere
15
II In the Shadow of Artificial Intelligence: Automata, Cybernetics, and AI
The Soul Gained and Lost: Artificial Intelligence as a Philosophical Project
Philip E. Agre
153
The Man-Machine and Artificial Intelligence
Bruce Mazlish
175
Marrying the Premodern to the Postmodern: Computers and Organisms after World War II
Evelyn Fox Keller
203
A Gallery of Monsters: Cybernetics and Self-Organization, 1940-1970
Andrew Pickering
229
III Controversies of Artificial Intelligence: Critics and Defenders
On Seeing A's and Seeing As
Douglas R. Hofstadter
249
Did Deep Blue's Win over Kasparov Prove That Artificial Intelligence Has Succeeded? A Debate
Hubert L. Dreyfus and Daniel C. Dennett
265
Machines and the Mental
Fred Dretske
281
IV The Light Side of Artificial Intelligence
Dialogues with Colorful "Personalities" of Early AI
Güven Güzeldere and Stefano Franchi
295
V Artificial Intelligence Meets the Humanities: Epistemological Challenges
The Hume Machine: Can Association Networks Do More Than Formal Rules?
Bruno Latour and Geneviève Teil
307
Knowing Subjects: AI from Feminist Philosophy
Alison Adam
327
Humans, Machines, and the Structure of Knowledge
Harry M. Collins
345
Swamped by the Updates: Expert Systems, Semioclasm, and Apeironic Education
Michael L. Johnson
365
VI Broader Conceptions of Artificial Intelligence
Artificial Intelligence Research as Art
Stephen Wilson
391
Why AI Is Not a Science
Maurizio Matteuzzi
409
Dance Floor Blues: The Case for a Social AI
Tom Burke
423
The Epistemological and Philosophical Situation of Mind Technoscience
Alain-Marc Rieu
453
Phenomenology and Cognitive Science
Serge Sharoff
471
Artificial Intelligence and Theology: From Mythos to Logos and Back
Anne Foerst
489
Contributors 515
Index 519

商品描述(中文翻譯)

描述:
《機械身體,計算心靈》的編輯們相信建構「人工智慧」的企業超越了任何一個學科的範疇,因此他們聚集了人工智慧領域的研究人員和人文學科的學者,重新審視這兩個領域的基本假設。例如,人工智慧社群可以從哲學家、心理學家、人類學家、文學評論家等對人類智慧和創造力的探索中受益,而對人工智慧的理論困境和技術進展的分析則可以為傳統人文學科關注的理性本質和心靈-身體二分法提供洞察。

這些貢獻包括延續了著名的Hubert Dreyfus-Daniel Dennett關於Kasparov被IBM的Deep Blue擊敗的辯論;Philip Agre追溯了人工智慧研究中的困難與笛卡爾二元論的繼承張力;Evelyn Fox Keller考察了計算機技術發展與生物學的關係;Douglas Hofstadter主張思考不僅僅是人工智慧的定理求解活動;以及Alison Adam討論了人工智慧中隱含的男性普遍主體。

Stefano Franchi是奧克蘭大學哲學高級講師。

Güven Güzeldere是杜克大學哲學助理教授和心理學與腦科學助理教授。他是《意識的本質:哲學和科學辯論》(MIT Press,1998)的合編者(與Ned Block和Owen Flanagan合作),並是《Psyche:一本關於意識研究的跨學科期刊》的創始副編輯。

目錄:
致謝
引言
第一部分:介紹人工智慧:過去、現在和未來
心靈的機械:從自動機到半機械人的控制論和人工智慧
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