Verification and Validation for Quality of UML 2.0 Models

Bhuvan Unhelkar

  • 出版商: Wiley
  • 出版日期: 2005-07-20
  • 定價: $3,580
  • 售價: 5.0$1,790
  • 語言: 英文
  • 頁數: 312
  • 裝訂: Hardcover
  • ISBN: 0471727830
  • ISBN-13: 9780471727835
  • 相關分類: UML
  • 立即出貨




A practical approach to enhancing quality in software models using UML Version 2.0

"Despite its increasing usage, many companies are not taking the best advantage of UML and, occasionally, individuals have experienced frustration in applying its standards. Perhaps this is because they have not yet read this book!"
-From the Foreword by Prof. Brian Henderson-Sellers

This book presents a practical checklist approach to enhancing the quality of software models created with the Unified Modeling Language (UML) Version 2.0. The foundation for quality is set by the discussion on the nature and creation of UML models. This is followed by a demonstration of how to apply verification and validation checks to these models with three foci: syntactical correctness, semantic meaningfulness, and aesthetic symmetry. The quality work is carried out within three distinct yet related modeling spaces:
* Model of problem space (MOPS)
* Model of solution space (MOSS)
* Model of background space (MOBS)

Readers can then choose a specific quality approach according to their roles in their projects.

Verification and validation checks are also organized according to these three modeling spaces, making it easier for the reader to focus on the appropriate diagrams and quality checks corresponding to their modeling space. In addition, a major element of this publication is the Strengths, Weaknesses, Objectives, and Traps (SWOT) analysis. This analysis is performed on each UML diagram, enabling readers to fully comprehend these diagrams, their advantages and limitations, and the way in which they can be used in practical projects for modeling.

A consistent case study of the Lucky Insurance System is provided throughout the chapters to illustrate the creation of good quality UML diagrams, followed by application of quality checks to them. With its emphasis on quality in UML-based projects, this book is an essential resource for all quality professionals, including quality analysts, process consultants, quality managers, test designers, and testers.


Table of Contents:





Glossary of Acronyms and Terms.

Author Profile.

1 The Quality Strategy for UML.

1.1 Modeling and Quality.

1.2 Positioning UML for Modeling.

1.3 Quality Aspects of UML.

1.4 Understanding Modeling Spaces in Software.

1.5 Modeling Spaces and UML.

1.6 Verification and Validation.

1.7 Quality Checks and Skills Levels.

1.8 Levels of Quality Checks to UML Diagrams.

1.9 Model-Driven Architecture (MDA) and Quality.

1.10 Prototyping and Modeling Spaces.

2 Nature and Basics of UML Diagrams.

2.1 The Nature of UML Diagrams.

2.2 Use Case Diagrams.

2.3 Activity Diagrams.

2.4 Class Diagrams.

2.5 Sequence Diagrams.

2.6 Communication Diagrams.

2.7 Interaction Overview Diagrams.

2.8 Object Diagrams.

2.9 State Machine Diagrams.

2.10 Composite Structure Diagrams.

2.11 Component Diagrams.

2.12 Deployment Diagrams.

2.13 Package Diagrams.

2.14 Timing Diagrams.

2.15 UML’s Extensibility Mechanisms.

2.16 UML Meta-Models and Quality.

3 Strengths, Weaknesses, Objectives and Traps (SWOT) of UML Diagrams.

3.1 SWOT Analysis of the UML Diagrams.

3.2 SWOT of Use Case Diagrams.

3.3 SWOT of Activity Diagrams.

3.4 SWOT of Classes and Class Diagrams.

3.5 SWOT of Sequence Diagrams.

3.6 SWOT of Communication Diagrams.

3.7 SWOT of Interaction Overview Diagrams.

3.8 SWOT of Object Diagrams.

3.9 SWOT of State Machine Diagrams.

3.10 SWOT of Composite Structure Diagrams.

3.11 SWOT of Component Diagrams.

3.12 SWOT of Deployment Diagrams.

3.13 SWOT of Package Diagrams.

3.14 SWOT of Timing Diagrams.

4 V&V of the Quality of MOPS.

4.1 UML Diagrams in MOPS.

4.2 V&V of Use Cases and Use Case Diagrams in MOPS.

4.3 Quality of Activity Diagrams in MOPS.

4.4 Quality of Package Diagrams in MOPS.

4.5 Quality of Classes and Class Diagrams in MOPS.

4.6 Quality of Sequence Diagrams in MOPS.

4.7 Quality of State Machine Diagrams in MOPS.

4.8 Quality of Interaction Overview Diagrams in MOPS.

4.9 Validating the Entire MOPS.

4.10 Summary of Quality Checks for MOPS.

5 V&V of the Quality of MOSS.

5.1 UML Diagrams in the Solution Space (MOSS).

5.2 Analyzing MOPS for MOSS for a Solution.

5.3 Quality of Classes and Class Diagrams in MOSS.

5.4 Quality of Sequence Diagrams in MOSS.

5.5 Quality of Communication Diagrams in MOSS.

5.6 Quality of Object Diagrams in MOSS.

5.7 Quality of State Machine Diagrams in MOSS.

5.8 Quality of Timing Diagrams in MOSS.

5.9 Converting Models into Systems.

5.10 Cross-Diagram Dependencies.

6 V&V of the Quality of MOBS.

6.1 Working in the Background Space.

6.2 UML Diagrams in the Background Space (MOBS).

6.3 V&V of Package Diagrams in MOBS.

6.4 Classes and Class Diagrams in the Background Space.

6.5 V&V of Class Diagrams in the Background Space.

6.6 V&V of Robustness through Class Diagrams in MOBS.

6.7 V&V of Component Diagrams in MOBS.

6.8 V&V of Composite Structure Diagrams in MOBS.

6.9 V&V of Deployment Diagrams in MOBS.

6.10 Cross-diagram dependencies in MOBS.

7 Managing the V&V Process.

7.1 Processes and UML.

7.2 Understanding the Process and Process Components.

7.3 Iterations and Increments in a Process.

Appendix A: LUCKY Insurance Case Study.

Appendix B: UML CASE Tools.

Appendix C: Summary of Checks for V&V of the Quality of MOPS.

Appendix D: Summary of Checks for V&V of the Quality of MOSS.

Appendix E: Summary of Checks for V&V of the Quality of MOBS.

Appendix F: Templates for Actors, Use Cases and Classes in MOPS.



這本書提供了一種實用的方法來提升使用統一建模語言(UML)2.0版本創建的軟件模型的質量。書中首先討論了UML模型的性質和創建,為質量奠定了基礎。接著演示了如何對這些模型應用驗證和驗證檢查,包括語法正確性、語義意義和美學對稱性。質量工作在三個不同但相關的建模空間中進行:問題空間模型(MOPS)、解決方案空間模型(MOSS)和背景空間模型(MOBS)。讀者可以根據自己在項目中的角色選擇特定的質量方法。驗證和驗證檢查也根據這三個建模空間進行組織,使讀者更容易專注於與其建模空間相對應的適當圖表和質量檢查。此外,本書的一個重要元素是SWOT(優勢、劣勢、目標和陷阱)分析。這種分析對每個UML圖表進行,使讀者能夠充分理解這些圖表,它們的優點和限制,以及它們在實際項目建模中的應用方式。書中還提供了一個一致的案例研究——Lucky Insurance System,以說明如何創建高質量的UML圖表,並對其應用質量檢查。由於強調基於UML的項目質量,這本書對所有質量專業人員都是一個必不可少的資源,包括質量分析師、流程顧問、質量經理、測試設計師和測試人員。

第1章 UML的質量策略。
1.1 建模和質量。
1.2 UML的定位建模。
1.3 UML的質量方面。
1.4 軟件建模空間的理解。
1.5 建模空間和UML。
1.6 驗證和驗證。
1.7 質量檢查和技能水平。
1.8 對UML圖表的質量檢查水平。
1.9 模型驅動架構(MDA)和質量。
1.10 原型和建模空間。
第2章 UML圖表的性質和基礎。
2.1 UML圖表的性質。