Quantum Computation and Quantum Information

Michael A. Nielsen, Isaac L. Chuang

  • 出版商: Cambridge
  • 售價: $1,500
  • 貴賓價: 9.8$1,470
  • 語言: 英文
  • 頁數: 675
  • 裝訂: Paperback
  • ISBN: 0521635039
  • ISBN-13: 9780521635035
  • 相關分類: 量子 Quantum量子計算

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This text is the first comprehensive introduction to the main ideas and techniques of the field of quantum computation and quantum information. Michael Nielsen and Isaac Chuang ask the question: what are the ultimate physical limits to computation and communication? They describe in detail such remarkable effects as fast quantum algorithms, quantum teleportation, quantum cryptography and quantum error-correction. A wealth of accompanying figures and exercises illustrate and develop the material in more depth. The authors describe what a quantum computer is, how it can be used to solve problems faster than familiar classical?computers, and the real-world implementation of quantum computers. The book concludes with an in-depth treatment of quantum information, explaining how quantum states can be used to perform remarkable feats of communication, together with a discussion of how it is possible to protect quantum states against the effects of noise.

Contents

Preface; Acknowledgement; Nomenclature and notation; Part I. Fundamental Concepts: 1. Introduction and overview; 2. Introduction to quantum mechanics; 3. Introduction to computer science; Part II. Quantum Computation: 4. Quantum circuits; 5. The quantum Fourier transform and its applications; 6. Quantum search algorithms; 7. Quantum computers: physical realisation; Part III. Quantum Information: 8. Quantum noise, open quantum systems, and quantum operations; 9. Distance measurement for quantum information; 10. Quantum error-correction; 11. Entropy and information; 12. Quantum information theory; Appendix A. Notes on basic probability theory; Appendix B. Group theory; Appendix C. Approximating quantum gates: the S闤vay-Kitaev theorem; Appendix D. Number theory; Appendix E. Public-key cryptography and the RSA cryptosystem; Appendix F. Proof of Liebs theorem; References; Index.