Quantum Computing Devices: Principles, Designs, and Analysis (Hardcover)

Goong Chen, David A. Church, Berthold-Georg Englert, Carsten Henkel, Bernd Rohwedder, Marlan O. Scully, M. Suhail Zubairy

  • 出版商: Chapman
  • 出版日期: 2006-09-01
  • 售價: $1,560
  • 貴賓價: 9.8$1,529
  • 語言: 英文
  • 頁數: 560
  • 裝訂: Hardcover
  • ISBN: 1584886811
  • ISBN-13: 9781584886815
  • 相關分類: 量子計算
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商品描述

Description 

  • Presents the principles, analysis, and design of all major types of quantum computing devices
  • Bridges theory and experiments in a cutting-edge and rapidly advancing area of science and technology in the 21st century
  • Describes two-level atoms as the fundamental quantum machine and imperfect quantum operations
  • Includes a full chapter on linear optics computing that features light manipulation and entangled photon states
  • Addresses the changing technology of ion traps, quantum dots, solid state NMR, SQUID, and neutral atom traps
  • Contains information important for interdisciplinary research, including physics, chemistry, computer science, electrical engineering, and mathematics

    One of the first books to thoroughly examine the subject, Quantum Computing Devices: Principles, Designs, and Analysis covers the essential components in the design of a "real" quantum computer. It explores contemporary and important aspects of quantum computation, particularly focusing on the role of quantum electronic devices as quantum gates.

    Largely self-contained and written in a tutorial style, this reference presents the analysis, design, and modeling of the major types of quantum computing devices: ion traps, cavity quantum electrodynamics (QED), linear optics, quantum dots, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), superconducting quantum interference devices (SQUID), and neutral atom traps. It begins by explaining the fundamentals and algorithms of quantum computing, followed by the operations and formalisms of quantum systems. For each electronic device, the subsequent chapters discuss physical properties, the setup of qubits, control actions that produce the quantum gates that are universal for quantum computing, relevant measurements, and decoherence properties of the systems. The book also includes tables, diagrams, and figures that illustrate various data, uses, and designs of quantum computing.

    As nanoelectronics will inevitably replace microelectronics, the development of quantum information science and quantum computing technology is imperative to the future of information science and technology. Quantum Computing Devices: Principles, Designs, and Analysis helps fulfill this need by providing a comprehensive collection of the most promising devices for the future.
 
Table of Contents
Preface

FOUNDATIONS OF QUANTUM INFORMATICS
Spins: The Stern-Gerlach experiment and spin filter
EPR, Bell's inequalities, and hidden variables
The Landauer principle

QUANTUM COMPUTATION AND QUANTUM SYSTEMS
Turing machines and binary logic gates
Quantum mechanical systems
Hilbert spaces
Complex finite dimensional Hilbert Spaces
Quantum Turing machines
Universality of elementary quantum gates
Quantum algorithms
Quantum adder and multiplier
Quantum error correction codes
Lasers: a heuristic introduction
Quantum computing devices and requirements

TWO-LEVEL ATOMS AND CAVITY QED
Two-level atoms
Quantization of the electromagnetic field
Cavity QED
Cavity QED for the quantum phase gate
Quantum eraser
Quantum disentanglement eraser

IMPERFECT QUANTUM OPERATIONS
Fidelity
Density matrices
Time evolution of density matrices
Examples of master equations
Fidelity calculations

ION TRAPS
Introduction
Ion qubits
Summary of ion preparation
Coherence
Quantum gates
Large scale confined-ion quantum computer
Trap architecture and performance
Teleportation of coherent information
Experimental DFS logic gates
Quantum error correction by ion traps
Summary of ion quantum computation

QUANTUM LOGIC USING COLD, CONFINED ATOMS
Introduction
Atom trapping and detection
Atom interactions with external fields
Atom trapping
Qubits and gates
Controlled two-qubit gates
Coherence properties of atom gates
Assessment

QUANTUM DOTS QUANTUM COMPUTING GATES
Introduction
Electrons in quantum dots microcavity
Coupled electron spins
Biexciton in a single quantum dot
Conclusions

LINEAR OPTICS COMPUTERS
Classical electrodynamics - Classical computers
Quantum electrodynamics - Quantum computers
Teleportation
Summary and outlook

SUPERCONDUCTING QUANTUM COMPUTING DEVICES
Introduction
Superconductivity
More on Cooper pairs and Josephson junctions
Superconducting circuits: classical
Superconducting circuits: quantum
Quantum gates
Measurement

NMR QUANTUM COMPUTING
Nuclear magnetic resonance
Basic technology with NMR
Solid state NMR
Shor's algorithm and its experimental realization
Quantum algorithm for lattice-gas systems
Conclusion

Appendix A: The Fock-Darwin States
Appendix B: Evaluation of the exchange energy
Appendix C: Transformation of quantum states: SU(2) and SO(3)
Appendix D: The Homeomorphism from SU(2) to SO(3)

商品描述(中文翻譯)

描述

介紹了所有主要類型的量子計算設備的原理、分析和設計
將理論和實驗橋接到21世紀科學和技術中快速發展的領域
描述了雙能級原子作為基本的量子機器和不完美的量子操作
包括一個完整的章節,介紹了光學計算中的線性光學和紡織光子狀態
討論了離子陷阱、量子點、固態核磁共振、SQUID和中性原子陷阱等不斷變化的技術
包含對跨學科研究重要的信息,包括物理學、化學、計算機科學、電氣工程和數學

《量子計算設備:原理、設計和分析》是第一本全面研究該主題的書籍之一。它涵蓋了“真實”量子計算機設計中的基本組件。它探討了當代和重要的量子計算方面,特別關注量子電子設備作為量子門的角色。

這本參考書在很大程度上是自包含的,以教程風格撰寫。它介紹了主要類型的量子計算設備的分析、設計和建模:離子陷阱、腔量子電動力學(QED)、線性光學、量子點、核磁共振(NMR)、超導量子干涉器(SQUID)和中性原子陷阱。它首先解釋了量子計算的基礎和算法,然後介紹了量子系統的操作和形式主義。對於每個電子設備,後續章節討論了物理特性、量子位的設置、產生量子門的控制操作、相關測量和系統的相干性特性。該書還包括表格、圖表和圖片,以說明量子計算的各種數據、用途和設計。

隨著納米電子學必然取代微電子學,發展量子信息科學和量子計算技術對於信息科學和技術的未來至關重要。《量子計算設備:原理、設計和分析》有助於滿足這一需求,提供了未來最有前景的設備的全面集合。

目錄

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