Medical Imaging Signals and Systems (IE-Paperback)

Jerry L. Prince , Jonathan Links

  • 出版商: Prentice Hall
  • 出版日期: 2012-12-31
  • 售價: $1,280
  • 貴賓價: 9.8$1,254
  • 語言: 英文
  • 頁數: 480
  • ISBN: 0133101657
  • ISBN-13: 9780133101652
  • 相關分類: 物理學 Physics
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商品描述

<內容簡介>
With signal processing as its foundation, this text covers the most important imaging modalities in radiology: projection radiography, x-ray computed tomography, nuclear medicine, ultrasound imaging, and magnetic resonance imaging. Organized into parts to emphasize key overall conceptual divisions, Medical Imaging is most appropriate for engineering students who have taken the prerequisite signals and systems courses as well as elementary probability.
<章節目錄>

Preface

Part I: Basic Imaging Principles Overview.

Chapter 1Introduction. History of Medical Imaging.  Physical Signals.  Imaging Modalities. Projection Radiography. Computed Tomography. Nuclear Medicine. Ultrasound Imaging. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Summary and Key Concepts.

Chapter 2: Signals and Systems.Introduction. Signals. Point Impulse. Line Impulse. Comb and Sampling Functions. Rect and Sinc Functions. Exponential and Sinusoidal Signals. Separable Signals. Periodic Signals. Systems. Linear Systems. Impulse Response. Shift Invariance. Connections of LSI Systems. Separable Systems. Stable Systems. The Fourier Transform. Properties of the Fourier Transform. Linearity. Translation. Conjugation and Conjugate Symmetry. Scaling. Rotation. Convolution. Product. Separable Product. Parseval's Theorem. Separability. Transfer Function. Circular Symmetry and the Hankel Transform. Sampling. Sampling Signal Model. Nyquist Sampling Theorem. Anti-aliasing Filters. Summary and Key Concepts.

Chapter 3: Image Quality.Introduction. Contrast. Modulation. Modulation Transfer Function. Local Contrast. Resolution. Line Spread Function. Full Width at Half Maximum. Resolution and Modulation Transfer Function. Subsystem Cascade. Resolution Tool. Temporal and Spectral Resolution. Noise. Random Variables. Continuous Random Variables. Discrete Random Variables.Independent Random Variables. Signal-to-Noise Ratio. Amplitude SNR. Power SNR. Differential SNR. Nonrandom Effects. Artifacts. Distortion. Accuracy. Quantitative Accuracy. Diagnostic Accuracy. Summary and Key Concepts.

Part II: Radiographic Imaging.Overview. 

Chapter 4: Physics of Radiography.Introduction. Ionization. Atomic Structure. Electron Binding Energy. Ionization and Excitation. Forms of Ionizing Radiation. Particulate Radiation. Electromagnetic Radiation. Nature and Properties of Ionizing Radiation. Primary Energetic Electron Interactions. Primary Electromagnetic Radiation Interactions. Attenuation of Electromagnetic Radiation. Measures of X-ray Beam Strength. Narrow Beam, Monoenergetic Photons. Narrow Beam, Polyenergetic Photons. Broad Beam Case. Radiation Dosimetry. Exposure. Dose and Kerma. Linear Energy Transfer. The f -factor. Dose Equivalent. Effective Dose. Summary and Key Concepts. 

Chapter 5: Projection Radiography.Introduction. Instrumentation. X-ray Tubes. Filtration and Restriction. Compensation Filters and Contrast Agents. Grids, Airgaps, and Scanning Slits. Film-Screen Detectors. X-ray Image Intensifiers. Image Formation. Basic Imaging Equation. Geometric Effects. Blurring Effects. Film Characteristics. Noise and Scattering. Signal-to-Noise Ratio. Quantum Efficiency and Detective Quantum Efficiency. Compton Scattering. Summary and Key Concepts.

Chapter 6: Computed Tomography.Introduction. CT Instrumentation. CT Generations. X-ray Source and Collimation. CT Detectors. Gantry, Slip Ring, and Patient Table. Image Formation. Line Integrals. CT Numbers. Parallel-Ray Reconstruction. Fan-Beam Reconstruction. Helical CT Reconstruction. Cone Beam CT. Image Quality in CT.  Resolution. Noise. Artifacts. Summary and Key Concepts.  

Part III: Nuclear Medicine Imaging.Overview.

Chapter 7: The Physics of Nuclear Medicine.Introduction. Nomenclature. Radioactive Decay. Mass Defect and Binding Energy. Line of Stability. Radioactivity. Radioactive Decay Law. Modes of Decay. Positron Decay and Electron Capture. Isomeric Transition. Statistics of Decay. Radiotracers. Summary and Key Concepts. 

Chapter 8: Planar Scintigraphy.Introduction. Instrumentation. Collimators. Scintillation Crystal. Photomultiplier Tubes. Positioning Logic. Pulse Height Analyzer. Gating Circuit. Image Capture. Image Formation. Event Position Estimation. Acquisition Modes. Anger Camera Imaging Equation. Image Quality. Resolution. Sensitivity. Uniformity. Energy Resolution. Noise. Factors Affecting Count Rate. Summary and Key Concepts. 

Chapter 9: Emission Computed Tomography.Instrumentation. SPECT Instrumentation. PET Instrumentation. Image Formation. SPECT Image Formation. PET Image Formation. Iterative Reconstruction. Image Quality in SPECT and PET. Spatial Resolution. Attenuation and Scatter. Random Coincidences. Contrast. Noise and Signal-to-Noise. Summary and Key Concepts.

Part IV:  Ultrasound Imaging.Overview.

Chapter 10: The Physics of Ultrasound. Introduction. The Wave Equation. Three-Dimensional Acoustic Waves. Plane Waves. Spherical Waves. Wave Propagation. Acoustic Energy and Intensity. Reflection and Refraction at Plane Interfaces. Transmission and Reflection Coefficients at Plane Interfaces. Attenuation. Scattering. Doppler Effect. Beam Pattern Formation and Focusing. Simple Field Pattern Model. Diffraction Formulation. Focusing. Summary and Key Concepts. 

Chapter 11: Ultrasound Imaging Systems.Introduction. Instrumentation. Ultrasound Transducer. Ultrasound Probes. Pulse-Echo Imaging. The Pulse-Echo Equation. Transducer Motion. Ultrasound Imaging Modes. A-Mode Scan. M-Mode Scan. B-Mode Scan. Steering and Focusing. Transmit Steering and Focusing. Beamforming and Dynamic Focusing. Three-Dimensional Ultrasound Imaging. Summary and Key Concepts.

Part V: Magnetic Resonance Imaging.Overview.

Chapter 12: Physics of Magnetic Resonance.Introduction. Microscopic Magnetization. Macroscopic Magnetization. Precession and Larmor Frequency. Transverse and Longitudinal Magnetization. NMR Signals. Rotating Frame. RF Excitation. Relaxation. The Bloch Equations. Spin Echoes. Contrast Mechanisms. Summary and Key Concepts. 

Chapter 13: Magnetic Resonance Imaging.Instrumentation. System Components. Magnet. Gradient Coils. Radio-Frequency Coils. Scanning Console and Computer. MRI Data Acquisition. Encoding Spatial Position. Slice Selection. Frequency Encoding. Polar Scanning. Gradient Echoes. Phase Encoding. Spin Echoes. Pulse Repetition Interval. Realistic Pulse Sequences. Image Reconstruction. Rectilinear Data. Polar Data. Imaging Equations. Image Quality. Sampling. Resolution. Noise. Signal-to-Noise Ratio. Artifacts. Summary and Key Concepts. Index

 

商品描述(中文翻譯)

內容簡介:
以信號處理為基礎,本書涵蓋了放射學中最重要的影像學模式:投影攝影、X光電腦斷層掃描、核醫學、超聲波成像和磁共振成像。本書分為幾個部分,強調關鍵的整體概念分類,最適合已修習過預備課程信號與系統以及基礎概率的工程學生。

章節目錄:
前言
第一部分:基本影像原理概述
第1章:介紹。醫學影像的歷史。物理信號。影像學模式。投影攝影。電腦斷層掃描。核醫學。超聲波成像。磁共振成像。總結和關鍵概念。

第2章:信號與系統。介紹。信號。點脈衝。線脈衝。組合和取樣函數。矩形和Sinc函數。指數和正弦信號。可分離信號。周期信號。系統。線性系統。脈衝響應。平移不變性。LSI系統的連接。可分離系統。穩定系統。傅立葉變換。傅立葉變換的性質。線性性。平移。共軛和共軛對稱。縮放。旋轉。卷積。乘積。可分離乘積。Parseval定理。可分離性。傳遞函數。圓對稱和漢克爾變換。取樣。取樣信號模型。奈奎斯特取樣定理。抗混淆濾波器。總結和關鍵概念。

第3章:影像質量。介紹。對比度。調製。調製傳遞函數。局部對比度。解析度。線擴散函數。半高全寬。解析度測試。空間頻率。傅立葉頻譜。總結和關鍵概念。